A. Ahad Mohmand

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18707
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About A. Ahad Mohmand Abdul Ahad Mohmand (Pashto: عبدالاحد مومند, born January 1, 1959) is a former aviator and an astronaut who became the first Afghan into space when he spent nine days aboard the Mir space station in 1988. He became the fourth Muslim to reach space, after Sultan bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Muhammed Faris, and Musa Manarov (see List of Muslim astronauts).Biography Mohmand was born on January 1, 1959, in Sardah, Afghanistan. He belongs to the Mohmand tribe of the Pashtun ethnic group. Mohmand graduated from the Polytechnical University of Kabul and then from the Air Force Academy. He served in the Afghan Air Force and later trained in the Soviet Union as a pilot and a professional astronaut. Along with Commander Vladimir Lyakhov and Dr. Valery Polyakov, Mohmand was part of the Soyuz TM-6 three-man crew, which launched at 04:23 GMT August 29, 1988. Mohmand's inclusion in the mission was a significant symbol during the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan. During his nine days stay on the Mir space station, Mohmand took photographs of his country, participated in astrophysical, medical and biological experiments. He also spoke to his Afghan president, Mohammed Najibullah, and brewed Afghan tea for the crew. Lyakhov and Mohmand returned to Earth aboard Soyuz TM-5. The September 6 planned landing of Soyuz TM-5 was delayed because of mechanical complications on the Mir. Radio Moscow reassured listeners that Lyakhov and Mohmand were fine and in touch with Mission Control. A recording was played of them laughing. A day later, the retro-fire was successful, and at 00:50 GMT Soyuz TM-5 landed near Dzhezkazgan. During touchdown there was no live radio coverage, only live television pictures of Mission Control. Mohmand was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union on September 7, 1988. Mohmand is currently a citizen of Germany, where he works in printing services and resides in Stuttgart.

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Afghanistan Scientists & Academicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
1. Ali Keshtmand 327176
2. A. Ahad Mohmand 18707
3. Allama Abdul Shakoo 3037
4. Jamal-al-Din Afghan 2409
5. Jalāl ad-Dīn 1257
6. Ali Ahmad Jalali 190
7. Bīdel Dehlavī 166
8. Sanai Ghaznavi 104
9. Ulugh Beg 92
10. Abdul Ahad Momand 71

Scientists & Academicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
15. Nikola Tesla 21494
16. Harun Parlar 19994
17. Marie Curie 19036
18. Omar Khayyam 18722
19. A. Ahad Mohmand 18707
20. Mohsen Sazegara 18086
21. Nikolai Amosov 17522
22. Carlos Chagas 16002
23. Adolfo Lutz 16000

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