Abu Rayhan Biruni

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Country: Iran

About Abu Rayhan Biruni
Abū Rayḥān Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad Bīrūnī (Arabic: ابوریحان محمد بن احمد بیرونی‎), often known as Alberuni, Al Beruni or variants, (born 5 September 973 in Kath, Khwarezm (now in Uzbekistan), died 13 December 1048 in Ghazni, today's Afghanistan) was a Persian scholar and polymath of the 11th century. He was a scientist and physicist, an anthropologist and comparative sociologist, an astronomer and chemist, a critic of alchemy and astrology, an encyclopedist and historian, a geographer and traveler, a geodesist and geologist, a mathematician, a pharmacist and psychologist, an Islamic philosopher and theologian, and an Islamic scholar and teacher. He was the first Muslim scholar to study India and the Brahminical tradition, the father of geodesy, and "the first anthropologist". He was also one of the earliest leading exponents of the experimental scientific method, and was responsible for introducing the experimental method into mechanics and mineralogy, a pioneer of comparative sociology and experimental psychology, and the first to conduct elaborate experiments related to astronomical phenomena. George Sarton, the father of the history of science, described Biruni as "one of the very greatest scientists of Islam, and, all considered, one of the greatest of all times." A. I. Sabra described Biruni as "one of the great scientific minds in all history." The crater Al-Biruni on the Moon is named after him. Tashkent Technical University (formerly Tashkent Polytechnic Institute) is also named after Abu Rayhan al-Biruni and a university founded by Ahmad Shah Massoud in Kapisa is named after him.

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Iran Scientists & Academicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
31. parviz jabedar mara 49
32. Sadegh Zadeh 47
33. negin 46
34. Abu Nasr al-Farabi 45
35. Meher Baba 45
36. Orode Bozorg 45
37. Abu Rayhan Biruni 45
38. Din al Amili 45
39. Mohsen Hashtroodi 45
40. Caro Lucas 44
41. Akbar Adibi 0

Scientists & Academicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
290. Mohsen Hashtroodi 45
291. Henri Poincaré 45
292. Jacques-Yves 45
293. Milo Manara 45
294. Abu Rayhan Biruni 45
295. Magdi Yacoub 45
296. Ferid Murad 45
297. Alfred Adler 45
298. Alfred Binet 45

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