16000
0
Vote World Rank
23
Vote Brazil Rank
5

Country: Brazil

About Adolfo Lutz
Adolfo Lutz was a Brazilian physician, 1855-1940, father of tropical medicine and medical zoology in Brazil, and a pioneer epidemiologist and researcher in infectious diseases. Lutz was born in Rio de Janeiro, on December 18, 1855, to a family of Swiss origins. He studied medicine in Switzerland, graduating in 1879 at the University of Bern. After graduation he went on to study experimental medicine techniques in several center in London, England (where he studied with Joseph Lister, 1827-1912), Leipzig, Germany, Vienna, Austria, Prague and Paris, France (where he studied with Louis Pasteur, 1822-1895).Upon his return to Brazil in 1881, Lutz initially worked as a general clinician in the small city of Limeira, state of São Paulo for 6 years. Wishing to pursue medical research, he returned to Hamburg, Germany once again, to work with Paul Gerson Unna (1850-1929), specializing in infectious diseases and tropical medicine. As a result of his increasing fame, he was invited to the post of director of Kalihi Hospital, in Hawaii, where he carried out research on leprosy. Following this, he worked for a while in California, USA, before returning in 1892 to Brazil, attending an invitation from the government of the state of São Paulo to direct the Bacteriological Institute (later renamed in his honor to Instituto Adolfo Lutz, still in existence today in the city of São Paulo. The city of Santos was undergoing a severe epidemic of bubonic plague and Lutz went to work on it together with two other young physicians who would become luminaries of Brazilian medicine, Emílio Ribas and Vital Brazil. Vital Brazil and Lutz became friends, and Lutz supported Vital Brazil's pioneering research on antivenoms for snake bites, contributing decisively for the creation of another research institution in São Paulo, exclusively devoted to ophydism, the Instituto Butantan. This serology institute hosted a plant for producing vaccines and antisera against several diseases, such as smallpox and plague. Lutz was the first Latin American scientist to study in depth and to confirm the mechanisms of transmission of yellow fever by the Aedes aegypti species of mosquitoes, its natural reservoir and vector, as they had been discovered a few years before, by American physician Walter Reed. Lutz was also responsible for the identification of South American blastomycosis, which received his name (Lutz-Splendore-de-Almeida disease). His dedication to public health was also paramount to the research and fight of several epidemics in many points in Brazil, such as cholera, bubonic plague, smallpox, typhoid fever, malaria, ankylostomiasis, schistosomiasis and leishmaniasis; which were then widely prevalent as tropical diseases in the state, due to the poor conditions of poverty, hygiene and ignorance about its transmission mechanisms. To this purpose, Lutz travelled widely across Brazil, visiting often the country's hinterland along the São Francisco River. Among his many accomplishments, Adolfo Lutz was also a pioneer researcher on medical entomology and the therapeutic properties of Brazilian plants (botany, ethnopharmacology and phytotherapy). As a zoologist, he described several new species of amphibians and insects such as Anopheles lutzii (an Anopheles mosquito). After his retirement in 1908,Adolfo Lutz moved to Rio de Janeiro, where he worked for 32 more years, until his death, on October 6, 1940, at the Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, created by another great Brazilian physician and epidemiologist, Oswaldo Cruz, and where he was a director of the Institute of Experimental Pathology.

Best Supporters

How can you earn points?
1 Vote 1 Point [You must be logged in]
1 Referrer* 10 Points
*Call your friends to become a fan of Adolfo Lutz with your referrer link and earn 10 points

Adolfo Lutz Most Popular Quotes

Add Quote

Brazil Scientists & Academicians Ranking

Show All
Rank Name Total
1. Santos Dumont 95494
2. Olavo de Carvalho 40570
3. Oswaldo Cruz 35981
4. Carlos Chagas 16002
5. Adolfo Lutz 16000
6. Vital Brasil 16000
7. Miguel Nicolelis 12000
8. Emídio Brasileiro 10542
9. Drauzio Varella 10000
10. Adib Jatene 6670

Scientists & Academicians Ranking

Show All
Rank Name Total
19. Mohsen Sazegara 18086
20. Nikolai Amosov 17522
21. Harun Parlar 16298
22. Carlos Chagas 16002
23. Adolfo Lutz 16000
24. Vital Brasil 16000
25. Alfred Nobel 13529
26. Oktay Sinanoğlu 13161
27. M. Visvesvarayya 12530

Adolfo Lutz Photos

Today Overall Show All

Adolfo Lutz Videos

Today Overall Show All

Best Countries

Today Overall
# Name Today Total
1 Turkey 814 7775936
2 South Korea 175 1672716
3 Russia 122 1305102
4 India 108 3655442
5 Brazil 90 4650092
6 Romania 60 474666
7 Iran 47 4143972
8 Portugal 39 262624
9 Serbia 31 204727
10 Syria 29 1383492
11 United Kingdom 27 881117
12 United States of America 27 1413632
13 Saudi Arabia 25 765835
14 Poland 21 398566
15 Macedonia 14 945955
16 Germany 14 68138
17 Ukraine 13 225209
18 Afghanistan 11 5591253
19 Croatia 10 31994
20 Israel 9 64523
21 Palestine 9 150204
22 Jordan 6 515393
23 Belgium 6 8575
24 Bulgaria 6 321312
25 Tajikistan 6 17749
26 Bosnia and Herzegovina 3 359141
27 France 3 82991
28 Lebanon 3 540095
29 Norway 2 14482
30 Sri Lanka 2 8148
31 Iraq 1 849904
32 Ireland 0 2249
33 Indonesia 0 43748
34 Gabon 0 0
35 The Gambia 0 0
36 Georgia 0 91
37 Kazakhstan 0 228
38 Kenya 0 4
39 Kiribati 0 0
40 North Korea 0 0
41 Italy 0 62098
42 Jamaica 0 8060
43 Japan 0 8819
44 Madagascar 0 0
45 Malawi 0 0
46 Malaysia 0 11330
47 Maldives 0 3
48 Mali 0 0
49 Malta 0 311
50 Mauritania 0 0
51 Mauritius 0 0
52 Mexico 0 37800
53 Moldova 0 11059
54 Monaco 0 31
55 Mongolia 0 2
56 Montenegro 0 96
57 Morocco 0 347002
58 Mozambique 0 0
59 Myanmar 0 40
60 Namibia 0 0
61 Nauru 0 0
62 Nepal 0 0
63 Netherlands 0 282
64 New Zealand 0 12332
65 Nicaragua 0 0
66 Niger 0 0
67 Nigeria 0 10
68 Northern Cyprus 0 374
69 Oman 0 4
70 Pakistan 0 274312
71 Puerto Rico 0 1384
72 Qatar 0 0
73 Rwanda 0 0
74 Saint Kitts and Nevis 0 0
75 Saint Lucia 0 0
76 Samoa 0 0
77 San Marino 0 0
78 Sao Tome and Principe 0 0
79 Seychelles 0 0
80 Sierra Leone 0 0
81 Singapore 0 1
82 Slovakia 0 11880
83 Slovenia 0 57
84 Solomon Islands 0 0
85 Somalia 0 32
86 Somaliland 0 0
87 South Africa 0 267
88 Spain 0 83236
89 Lesotho 0 0
90 Liberia 0 3
91 Libya 0 143
92 Liechtenstein 0 0
93 Lithuania 0 35
94 Luxembourg 0 0
95 Macau 0 0
96 Panama 0 1
97 Papua New Guinea 0 0
98 Paraguay 0 13
99 Peru 0 1632
100 Philippines 0 617