Alparslan Türkeş

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About Alparslan Türkeş Alparslan Türkeş (November 25, 1917 in Nicosia, Cyprus – April 5, 1997 in Ankara, Turkey) was a Turkish nationalist politician who was the founder and former president of the Nationalist Movement Party (National Front) party. He represented the far right of Turkish political spectrum, and was court-martialed on the charges of "fascist and racist activities" in 1945, with the charges being dismissed in 1947. He was called "Başbuğ" (Leader) by his devotees.Political career He attained notoriety as the spokesman of the May 27, 1960 coup d'état against the government of then prime minister Adnan Menderes, who was later executed after a trial following this coup. However Colonel Türkeş was expelled by an internal coup within the junta. He later joined the Republican Villagers Nation Party (Turkish: Cumhuriyetçi Köylü Millet Partisi, CKMP) and was elected its chairman. In 1969 the CKMP was renamed the Nationalist Movement Party (Turkish: Milliyetçi Hareket Partisi, MHP). Türkeş served as Deputy Prime Minister in right-wing Nationalistic Front (Turkish: Milliyetçi Cephe) cabinets. Ideology Through the far-right MHP, Türkeş took the rightist views of his predecessors like Nihal Atsız, who is known for his explicitly racist views and transformed them into a powerful political force. In 1965, Türkeş released a political pamphlet titled "Dokuz Işık Doktrini" (Nine Lights Doctrine). This text listed nine basic principles which formed the basis of the nationalist ideology. These were nationalism, idealism, moralism, societalism, scientism, independentism, ruralism, progressivism & populism, and industrialism & technologism. Türkeş led the vanguard of anti-communism in Turkey; he was a founding member of the Counter-Guerrilla, the Turkish Gladio. He has been the spiritual leader of the Idealism Schools Foundation of Culture and Art (Turkish: Ülkü Ocakları Kültür ve Sanat Vakfı). His followers consider him to be one of the leading icons of the Turkish nationalist movement. Support of Turanism In 1992, Alparslan Türkeş went to Baku in 1992 to support his sympathizer Abülfaz Elçibay during the presidential election. Once elected as president of Azerbaijan, Elçibay chose as ministry of Interior İsgandar Hamidov, a member of the Grey Wolves who plead for the creation of a Greater Turkey which would include northern Iran and extend itself to Siberia, India and China.

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Turkey Leaders & Politicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
2. Osman Pamukoğlu 76604
3. Ahmet Necdet Sezer 30448
4. R. Tayyip Erdogan 27143
5. Fatih Sultan Mehmed 19393
6. Alparslan Türkeş 18057
7. Haydar Baş 16657
8. Necmettin Erbakan 14297
9. Said Nursi 14090
10. Leyla Zana 11444

Leaders & Politicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
62. Rajasekhara Reddy 22760
63. Mahatma Gandhi 21530
64. Nicolae Ceausescu 20024
65. Fatih Sultan Mehmed 19393
66. Alparslan Türkeş 18057
67. H. Ali Montazeri 17871
68. Mohammad Khatami 17838
69. Mehdi Karroubi 17636
70. Lech Wałęsa 17611

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