Blaise Pascal

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About Blaise Pascal Blaise Pascal (French pronunciation: ), (June 19, 1623, in Clermont-Ferrand, France – August 19, 1662, in Paris) was a French mathematician, physicist, and religious philosopher. He was a child prodigy who was educated by his father, a civil servant. Pascal's earliest work was in the natural and applied sciences where he made important contributions to the construction of mechanical calculators, the study of fluids, and clarified the concepts of pressure and vacuum by generalizing the work of Evangelista Torricelli. Pascal also wrote in defense of the scientific method.Pascal was a mathematician of the first order. He helped create two major new areas of research. He wrote a significant treatise on the subject of projective geometry at the age of sixteen, and later corresponded with Pierre de Fermat on probability theory, strongly influencing the development of modern economics and social science. Following Galileo and Torricelli, in 1646 he refuted Aristotle's followers who insisted that nature abhors a vacuum. His results caused many disputes before being accepted. In 1646, he and his sister Jacqueline identified with the religious movement within Catholicism known by its detractors as Jansenism. His father died in 1651. Following a mystical experience in late 1654, he had his "second conversion", abandoned his scientific work, and devoted himself to philosophy and theology. His two most famous works date from this period: the Lettres provinciales and the Pensées, the former set in the conflict between Jansenists and Jesuits. In this year, he also wrote an important treatise on the arithmetic of triangles. Between 1658 and 1659 he wrote on the cycloid and its use in calculating the volume of solids. Pascal had poor health throughout his life and his death came just two months after his 39th birthday.

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France Scientists & Academicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
1. Allan Kardec 52410
2. Louis Pasteur 408
3. Rene Descartes 232
4. Pierre Curie 157
5. Blaise Pascal 48
6. Jacques Monod 47
7. Denis Papin 46
8. Lamarck 45
9. Antoine Lavoisier 45
10. Henri Poincaré 45

Scientists & Academicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
238. Farzan Sojoodi 49
239. Aloizio Mercadante 49
240. James Clerk Maxwell 48
241. Stephen Hawking 48
242. Blaise Pascal 48
243. Sadegh Zadeh 47
244. Giovanni D. Cassini 47
245. Mario J. Molina 47
246. Niels Bohr 47

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