Boris Yeltsin

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About Boris Yeltsin Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin (Russian: About this sound Борис Николаевич Ельцин​ (help·info); Russian pronunciation: ) (1 February 1931 –23 April 2007) was the first President of the Russian Federation, serving from 1991 to 1999. Boris Yeltsin came to power with a wave of high expectations. On 12 June 1991 he was elected president of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic with 57% of the vote, becoming the first popularly elected president. But Yeltsin never recovered his popularity after a series of economic and political crises in Russia in the 1990s The Yeltsin era was marked by widespread corruption, economic collapse, and enormous political and social problems. By the time he left office, Yeltsin had an approval rating of two percent by some estimates. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in December 1991, Yeltsin, vowing to transform Russia's socialist command economy into a free market economy, endorsed price liberalization and privatization programs. Due to the method of privatization, a good deal of the national wealth fell into the hands of a small group of people. In August 1991, Yeltsin won international plaudits for casting himself as a democrat and defying the August coup attempt of 1991 by the members of Soviet government opposed to perestroika. He left office widely unpopular with the Russian population as an ineffectual and ailing autocrat. He either acted as his own prime minister (until June 1992) or appointed men of his choice, regardless of parliament. His confrontations with parliament climaxed in the October 1993 Russian constitutional crisis, when Yeltsin called in soldiers to retake Russian White House, after his opponents had taken over the building. Later in 1993, Yeltsin imposed a new constitution with strong presidential powers, which was approved by referendum in December. Just hours before the first day of 2000, Yeltsin made a surprise announcement of his resignation, leaving the presidency in the hands of Vladimir Putin.

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Russia Leaders & Politicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
4. Lenin 4725
5. Trotsky 1975
6. Stalin 629
7. Anton Denikin 93
8. Boris Yeltsin 25
9. Andrei Sakharov 14
10. Leonid Brejnev 7
11. Nicholas II of Russ 1
12. Anatoly Chubais 1

Leaders & Politicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
654. Vamsi Mohan 25
655. Baqir al-Mohri 25
656. Jehan Sadat 25
657. Aziz Kocaoğlu 25
658. Boris Yeltsin 25
659. Ahmad Moqbel 25
660. Mohammad-Ali Abtahi 24
661. Mesut Yılmaz 24
662. Baba Ramdev 24

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