116
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187
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17
About Burle Marx Roberto Burle Marx (August 4, 1909, São Paulo - June 4, 1994, Rio de Janeiro) was a Brazilian landscape designer (besides being a painter, ecologist and naturalist) whose designs of parks and gardens made him world famous. He is accredited with having introduced modernist landscape architecture to Brazil. He was known as a modern nature artist and a public urban space designer.Burle Marx's first landscaping inspirations came while studying painting in Germany, where he often visited the Dahlem Botanical Gardens and first learned about Brazil's native flora. Upon returning to Brazil in 1930, he began collecting plants in and around his home. In 1932, Burle Marx designed his first landscape for a private residence by the architects Lucio Costa and Gregori Warchavchik. In 1949 he acquired the 365,000m² estate Barra de Guaratiba (just outside of Rio de Janeiro) to house his growing collection of plants. This property was donated to the Brazilian government in 1985 and became a national monument. Now called Sítio Roberto Burle Marx, under the direction of IPHAN-Instituto do Patrimônio Histórico e Artístico Nacional / Ministério da Cultura, it houses over 3,500 species of plants and can be reached at (21) 2410-1412. The house was rebuilt in a valley opening on the site of a garden house belonging to the original plantation estate. Roberto Burle Marx founded a landscape studio in 1955 and in the same year he founded a landscape company, called Burle Marx & Cia. Ltda. Much of his work has a sense of timelessnes and perfection. His creations were each unique expressions of thought. His aesthetics were often nature based, for example, never mixing flower colours, utilisation of big groups of the same specimen, using native plants and making a rocky field into relaxing garden. He was very interested in each plant's character and what effect that has on the whole garden. He spent a lot of time in the Brazilian forests where he was able to study and explore. This enabled him to add significantly to the botantical sciences, by discover new rocks plants for example. At least 30 plants bear his name.

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Brazil Scientists & Academicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
13. Herculano Pires 2234
14. Landell deMoura 2022
15. Paulo Freire 1784
16. Gilberto Freyre 151
17. Burle Marx 116
18. Cesar Lattes 65
19. Bartolomeu 65
20. Emir Sader 65
21. Ivo Pitanguy 55

Scientists & Academicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
183. Shafiei Kadkani 123
184. Dimitris Nanopoulos 120
185. G. Papanikolaou 117
186. Carl Rogers 116
187. Burle Marx 116
188. Musa al-Khwarizmi 111
189. Nikolay Pirogov 109
190. Sanai Ghaznavi 104
191. Sigmund Freud 104

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