4704
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156
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20
About Chandra Bose Subhas Chandra Bose (Bengali: সুভাষচন্দ্র বসু Shubashchôndro Boshu, Urdu: سبھاش چندرا بوش , Oriya: ସୁଭାଷ ଚନ୍ଦ୍ର ବୋଷ Subhas Chôndrô Bos; born January 23, 1897; presumed to have died August 18, 1945 although this is disputed), popularly known as Netaji (literally "Respected Leader"), was a leader in the Indian independence movement.Bose was elected president of the Indian National Congress for two consecutive terms but had to resign from the post following ideological conflicts with Mahatma Gandhi and after openly attacking Congress foreign and internal policy. Bose believed that Mahatma Gandhi's tactics of non-violence would never be sufficient to secure India's independence, and advocated violent resistance. He established a separate political party, the All India Forward Bloc and continued to call for the full and immediate independence of India from British rule. He was imprisoned by the British authorities 11 times. His stance did not change with the outbreak of the Second World War, which he saw as an opportunity to take advantage of British weakness. At the outset of the war, he went away from India and travelled to the Soviet Union, Germany and Japan, seeking an alliance with the aim of attacking the British in India. With Japanese assistance, he re-organised and later led the Indian National Army, formed from Indian prisoners-of-war and plantation workers from British Malaya, Singapore, and other parts of Southeast Asia, against British forces. With Japanese monetary, political, diplomatic and military assistance, he formed the Azad Hind Government in exile and regrouped and led the Indian National Army in battle against the allies at Imphal and in Burma. His political views and the alliances he made with Nazi and other militarist regimes at war with Britain have been the cause of arguments among historians and politicians, with some accusing him of fascist sympathies, while others in India have been more sympathetic towards the inculcation of realpolitik as a manifesto that guided his social and political choices. Bose advocated complete freedom for India at the earliest, whereas the Congress Committee wanted it in phases, through a Dominion status. Other younger leaders including Jawaharlal Nehru supported Bose and finally at the historic Lahore Congress convention, the Congress had to adopt Purna Swaraj (complete freedom) as its motto. Bhagat Singh's martyrdom and the inability of the Congress leaders to save his life infuriated Bose and he started a movement opposing the Gandhi-Irwin Pact. He was imprisoned and expelled from India. But defying the ban, he came back to India and was imprisoned again. He is presumed to have died on 18 August 1945 in a plane crash over Taiwan. However, contradictory evidence exists regarding his death in the accident.

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India Leaders & Politicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
16. Dr Anbumani Ramados 7690
17. B. R. Ambedkar 6810
18. K. V. Gopalsamy 5337
19. Jagan Mohan Reddy 4801
20. Chandra Bose 4704
21. S.M. Krishna 4588
22. K. Chandrashekar Rao 4389
23. Ahmed Khan 4280
24. V. M. Ranga 3605

Leaders & Politicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
152. D. João II 4757
153. Infante D. Henrique 4747
154. Álvaro Cunhal 4737
155. Lenin 4725
156. Chandra Bose 4704
157. Massoud Barzani 4638
158. S.M. Krishna 4588
159. Philip II of Macedon 4406
160. K. Chandrashekar Rao 4389

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