Dumitru Prunariu

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Country: Romania

About Dumitru Prunariu
Dumitru-Dorin Prunariu (Romanian pronunciation: duˈmitru doˈrin pruˈnarju; born September 27, 1952) is a retired Romanian astronaut who flew aboard Soyuz 40. Born on September 27, 1952 in Braşov, Romania, Prunariu graduated from the Physics and Mathematics high school in Braşov in 1971 and from the University POLITEHNICA of Bucharest in 1976, obtaining a degree in Aerospace Engineering. Prunariu worked as a Diplomatic Engineer at "Industria Aeronautică Română IAR- Braşov", an aircraft industry facility, prior to enrolling in the Romanian Air Force Officers Training School in 1977. He was selected for spaceflight training in 1978 as a part of the Intercosmos Program. Obtaining the maximum marks during three years of preparation he was selected for a joint space flight with the Russian cosmonaut Leonid Popov. In May 1981 they completed an eight-day space mission on board Soyuz 40 and the Salyut 6 space laboratory where they completed scientific experiments in the fields of astrophysics, space radiation, space technology, space medicine and biology. Prunariu became the 103rd human being to fly into the Outer Space. Prunariu is a corresponding member of the International Academy of Astronautics (1992) and a member of the Romanian National COSPAR Committee (1994). In 1984 he was awarded the "Hermann Oberth Gold Medal" by the German Rocket Society "Hermann Oberth - Wernher von Braun". In 1985 joined the Association of Space Explorers (ASE), currently with a membership of more than 370 astronauts from 33 countries. Since 1993 until 2004 he has been the permanent representative of the Association of Space Explorers at the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS) sessions. Since 1996 Prunariu has been a member of the Executive Committee of ASE for two terms of tree years. Since 1992 he has represented the Government of Romania to the UN COPUOS sessions. Since 1995 Prunariu is the Vice-President of the International Institute for Risk, Security and Communication Management (EURISC), Bucharest. From 1998 to 2004 Prunariu was the President of the Romanian Space Agency, and from 2000 an Associate Professor on Geopolitics within the Faculty of International Business and Economics, Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania. In 2004 he was elected as the Chairman of the Scientific and Technical Subcommittee of the UN COPUOS for a two years term. For 1,5 years starting with May 2004 he was the itinerary Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Romania to the Russian Federation. In February 2007 he completely retired from the Ministry of Defense with the rank of a two star general, continuing to work on the same positions as a civilian servant. Until September 2008 he accomplished the duties of the Director of the Romanian Office for Science and Technology to the European Union (ROST) in Brussels. Currently, Prunariu is the President of the Scientific Council of the Romanian Space Agency. He was elected the Chairman of the UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS) for the period of June 2010-June 2012. Prunariu is a co-author of several books regarding space technology and space flight and has presented/published numerous scientific papers. His PhD thesis produced new developments in the field of space flight dynamics. Prunariu is married to Crina Prunariu and has two sons and three grandchildren.

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Romania Scientists & Academicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
1. Nicolae Paulescu 27102
2. Henri Coanda 13556
3. Ana Aslan 9472
4. Emil Racovita 1700
5. Traian Vuia 1700
6. Grigore Moisil 1472
7. Dumitru Prunariu 672
8. Victor Babes 672
9. Anghel Saligny 672
10. George Emil Palade 572

Scientists & Academicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
97. Magdi Habib Yacoub 776
98. Ali al-Wardi 693
99. Isaac Newton 685
100. Sameera Moussa 678
101. Dumitru Prunariu 672
102. Victor Babes 672
103. Anghel Saligny 672
104. B. J. Habibie 668
105. Homi J. Bhabha 650

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