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About Edwin Hubble Edwin Powell Hubble (November 20, 1889 – September 28, 1953) was an American astronomer. He profoundly changed our understanding of the universe by demonstrating the existence of other galaxies besides the Milky Way. He also discovered that the degree of redshift observed in light coming from a galaxy increased in proportion to the distance of that galaxy from the Milky Way. This became known as Hubble's law, and would help establish that the universe is expanding.Edwin Hubble was born to an insurance executive in Marshfield, Missouri, and moved to Wheaton, Illinois, in 1889. In his younger days he was noted more for his athletic prowess than his intellectual abilities, although he did earn good grades in every subject except for spelling. He won seven first places and a third place in a single high school track & field meet in 1906. That year he also set the state high school record for the high jump in Illinois. Another of his personal interests was dry-fly fishing, and he practiced amateur boxing as well. His studies at the University of Chicago concentrated on mathematics, astronomy, and philosophy, which led to a bachelor of science in 1910. Hubble also became a member of the Kappa Sigma Fraternity, and in 1948 was named the Kappa Sigma "Man of the Year". He spent the next three years as one of Oxford University's first Rhodes Scholars, where he originally studied jurisprudence, before switching his major to Spanish and earning his master's degree, after which he returned to the United States. Some of his acquired British mannerisms and dress stayed with him all his life, occasionally irritating his American colleagues. Upon returning to the United States, Hubble taught Spanish, physics, and mathematics at the New Albany High School in New Albany, Indiana. He also coached the boy's basketball team there. Hubble earned admission as a member of the Kentucky bar association, although he reportedly never actually practiced law in Kentucky. Hubble served in the U.S. Army in World War I, and he quickly advanced to the rank of major. He returned to astronomy at the Yerkes Observatory of the University of Chicago, where he earned his Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) degree in 1917. His dissertation was titled Photographic Investigations of Faint Nebulae. In 1919, Hubble was offered a staff position in California by George Ellery Hale, the founder and director of the Carnegie Institution's Mount Wilson Observatory, near Pasadena, California, where he remained on the staff until his death. Hubble also served in the U.S. Army at the Aberdeen Proving Ground during World War II. For his work there he received the Legion of Merit award. Shortly before his death, Mount Palomar's giant 200-inch (5.1 m) reflector Hale Telescope was completed, and Hubble was the first astronomer to use it. Hubble continued his research at the Mount Wilson and Mount Palomar Observatories, where he remained active until his death. Hubble died of a cerebral thrombosis (a spontaneous blood clot in his brain) on September 28, 1953, in San Marino, California. No funeral was held for him, and his wife, Grace Hubble, did not reveal what happened to his body.

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United States of America Scientists & Academicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
1. Thomas Edison 1573
2. Edwin Hubble 584
3. Michio Kaku 515
4. Benjamin Franklin 445
5. Erik Erikson 260
6. Carl Rogers 116
7. B. Frederic Skinner 96
8. Linus Pauling 76
9. John B. Watson 66
10. Winslow Taylor 56

Scientists & Academicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
106. Ali Javan 643
107. Ali Erdemir 620
108. Mostafa Chamran 618
109. Lotfali Askar-Zadeh 605
110. Edwin Hubble 584
111. George Emil Palade 572
112. Štefan Banič 560
113. Jan Amos Komenský 555
114. Morteza Motahhari 527

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