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Country: Greece

About Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan (EEL-ya Kah-ZAHN; IPA: /eˈlia kaˈzan/; September 7, 1909 – September 28, 2003) was an American director, described as "one of the most honored and influential directors in Broadway and Hollywood history". He also produced, and wrote screenplays and novels. Born in the Ottoman Empire to Anatolian Greek parents, they emigrated to New York when he was four. He spent two years studying acting at Yale and then acted professionally before becoming a stage and film director. He co-founded the influential Group Theater in 1932 and Actors Studio in 1947, and together with Lee Strasberg, introduced Method acting to the American stage and cinema as a new form of self-expression and psychological "realism". Having been an actor himself for eight years, he brought sensitivity and understanding of the acting process, and was later considered the ideal "actor's director".Kazan introduced a new generation of unknown young actors to the movie audiences, including Marlon Brando and James Dean, but was most noted for drawing out the best dramatic performances from his actors. As a result, he directed 21 different actors to Oscar nominations, resulting in nine wins. He was considered "one of the consummate filmmakers of the 20th century", after directing a continual string of successful films, including, A Streetcar Named Desire, On the Waterfront, and East of Eden. He won three Oscars as Best Director, five Tony Awards, and four Golden Globes. Among the other new actors he introduced to movie audiences for the first time, were Warren Beatty, Carroll Baker, Julie Harris, Andy Griffith, Lee Remick, Rip Torn, Eli Wallach, Eva Marie Saint, Martin Balsam, Fred Gwynne, and Pat Hingle. He also elicited some of the best performances in the careers of actors like Natalie Wood and James Dunn. Producer George Stevens, Jr. concludes that Kazan's films and new actors have "changed American moviemaking". Most of his films were concerned with personal or social issues of special concern to him. He writes, "I don't move unless I have some empathy with the basic theme. In some way the channel of the film should also be in my own life." His first such "issue" films was Gentleman's Agreement (1947), with Gregory Peck, which dealt with hidden anti-Semitism in America. It received 8 Oscar nominations and 3 wins, and Kazan's first for Best Director. He followed it with Pinky, one of the first films to address racial prejudice against blacks. In 1954, he directed On the Waterfront, a film about union corruption in New York, which some consider "one of the greatest films in the history of international cinema." A major film earlier in his career was A Streetcar Named Desire (1951), an adaptation of the stage play which he had also directed. It received 12 Oscar nominations, winning 4, and was Marlon Brando's widely acclaimed screen debut. In 1955, he directed John Steinbeck's East of Eden, which also introduced James Dean to movie audiences for the first time, making him an overnight star. A turning point in Kazan's career came with his testimony as a "friendly witness" before the House Un-American Activities Committee in 1952, which cost him the respect of many liberal friends and colleagues, such as playwright Arthur Miller. Overall, Kazan influenced the films of the 1950s and 1960s by his run of provocative, issues-driven subjects, and acting. Moreover, his personal brand of cinema, employing real locations over sets, unknowns over stars, and realism over convenient genres, proved influential to a whole generation of independent filmmakers in the 1960s, such as Sidney Lumet, John Cassavetes, Arthur Penn, Martin Scorsese, and Woody Allen. Film author Ian Freer concludes that "If his achievements are tainted by political controversy, the debt Hollywood — and actors everywhere — owes him, is enormous."

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Greece Directors Ranking

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Rank Name Total
1. Elia Kazan 9508
2. John Cassavetes 712
3. Theo Angelopoulos 427
4. Pantelis Voulgaris 421
5. Giannis Smaragdis 410
6. Costa Gavras 409
7. Yorgos Lanthimos 0

Directors Ranking

Show All
Rank Name Total
18. Hamid Tamjidi 13145
19. Abdul Wahid Nazari 12952
20. Razi Mohebi 12631
21. Rangel Vulchanov 11624
22. Elia Kazan 9508
23. Azzedine Meddour 8897
24. S.S. Rajamouli 8772
25. Lazar Ristovski 8571
26. Milco Mancevski 8200

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# Name Today Total
1 Turkey 204925 8144880
2 Romania 53188 558366
3 Brazil 52111 4736828
4 South Korea 43057 1747117
5 India 42300 3722572
6 Portugal 23725 298754
7 Russia 17217 1335568
8 Iran 14244 4168596
9 United Kingdom 7257 892858
10 Macedonia 6908 956594
11 Germany 6860 78539
12 United States of America 6855 1425920
13 Syria 6651 1394144
14 Serbia 5966 215070
15 Poland 3796 407093
16 Ukraine 3777 231450
17 Israel 3066 69531
18 Lebanon 2466 543238
19 Jordan 2272 519347
20 Saudi Arabia 2176 770912
21 France 1751 85574
22 Bulgaria 1740 324428
23 Palestine 1405 152746
24 Bosnia and Herzegovina 836 360561
25 Norway 714 15353
26 Sri Lanka 638 9195
27 Slovakia 601 12481
28 Pakistan 352 274965
29 Iraq 204 850234
30 Italy 200 62301
31 Greece 174 416240
32 Afghanistan 47 5591528
33 Czech Republic 44 19861
34 Estonia 43 43
35 Latvia 42 42
36 Spain 22 83258
37 Argentina 21 59205
38 Lithuania 17 52
39 Egypt 13 958948
40 Hungary 13 2688
41 Monaco 10 41
42 Slovenia 10 67
43 Canada 9 23175
44 Indonesia 8 43756
45 Uruguay 7 513
46 Belarus 5 2617
47 Malaysia 4 11334
48 Faroe Islands 2 3014
49 Tunisia 2 40346
50 Swaziland 2 2
51 Turkmenistan 2 6
52 Switzerland 1 603122
53 Ethiopia 1 13229
54 Bahrain 1 16644
55 Mexico 1 37801
56 Georgia 1 92
57 Luxembourg 0 0
58 Macau 0 0
59 Lesotho 0 0
60 Liberia 0 3
61 Libya 0 143
62 Liechtenstein 0 0
63 Moldova 0 11059
64 Madagascar 0 0
65 Malawi 0 0
66 Maldives 0 3
67 Mali 0 0
68 Malta 0 311
69 Mauritania 0 0
70 Mauritius 0 0
71 Ireland 0 2249
72 Jamaica 0 8060
73 Japan 0 8819
74 Kazakhstan 0 228
75 Kenya 0 4
76 Kiribati 0 0
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80 Kyrgyzstan 0 93
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84 Morocco 0 347003
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90 Netherlands 0 282
91 New Zealand 0 12332
92 Nicaragua 0 0
93 Niger 0 0
94 Nigeria 0 10
95 Northern Cyprus 0 374
96 Oman 0 4
97 Panama 0 1
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99 Paraguay 0 13
100 Peru 0 1632