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Country: Greece

About Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan (EEL-ya Kah-ZAHN; IPA: /eˈlia kaˈzan/; September 7, 1909 – September 28, 2003) was an American director, described as "one of the most honored and influential directors in Broadway and Hollywood history". He also produced, and wrote screenplays and novels. Born in the Ottoman Empire to Anatolian Greek parents, they emigrated to New York when he was four. He spent two years studying acting at Yale and then acted professionally before becoming a stage and film director. He co-founded the influential Group Theater in 1932 and Actors Studio in 1947, and together with Lee Strasberg, introduced Method acting to the American stage and cinema as a new form of self-expression and psychological "realism". Having been an actor himself for eight years, he brought sensitivity and understanding of the acting process, and was later considered the ideal "actor's director".Kazan introduced a new generation of unknown young actors to the movie audiences, including Marlon Brando and James Dean, but was most noted for drawing out the best dramatic performances from his actors. As a result, he directed 21 different actors to Oscar nominations, resulting in nine wins. He was considered "one of the consummate filmmakers of the 20th century", after directing a continual string of successful films, including, A Streetcar Named Desire, On the Waterfront, and East of Eden. He won three Oscars as Best Director, five Tony Awards, and four Golden Globes. Among the other new actors he introduced to movie audiences for the first time, were Warren Beatty, Carroll Baker, Julie Harris, Andy Griffith, Lee Remick, Rip Torn, Eli Wallach, Eva Marie Saint, Martin Balsam, Fred Gwynne, and Pat Hingle. He also elicited some of the best performances in the careers of actors like Natalie Wood and James Dunn. Producer George Stevens, Jr. concludes that Kazan's films and new actors have "changed American moviemaking". Most of his films were concerned with personal or social issues of special concern to him. He writes, "I don't move unless I have some empathy with the basic theme. In some way the channel of the film should also be in my own life." His first such "issue" films was Gentleman's Agreement (1947), with Gregory Peck, which dealt with hidden anti-Semitism in America. It received 8 Oscar nominations and 3 wins, and Kazan's first for Best Director. He followed it with Pinky, one of the first films to address racial prejudice against blacks. In 1954, he directed On the Waterfront, a film about union corruption in New York, which some consider "one of the greatest films in the history of international cinema." A major film earlier in his career was A Streetcar Named Desire (1951), an adaptation of the stage play which he had also directed. It received 12 Oscar nominations, winning 4, and was Marlon Brando's widely acclaimed screen debut. In 1955, he directed John Steinbeck's East of Eden, which also introduced James Dean to movie audiences for the first time, making him an overnight star. A turning point in Kazan's career came with his testimony as a "friendly witness" before the House Un-American Activities Committee in 1952, which cost him the respect of many liberal friends and colleagues, such as playwright Arthur Miller. Overall, Kazan influenced the films of the 1950s and 1960s by his run of provocative, issues-driven subjects, and acting. Moreover, his personal brand of cinema, employing real locations over sets, unknowns over stars, and realism over convenient genres, proved influential to a whole generation of independent filmmakers in the 1960s, such as Sidney Lumet, John Cassavetes, Arthur Penn, Martin Scorsese, and Woody Allen. Film author Ian Freer concludes that "If his achievements are tainted by political controversy, the debt Hollywood — and actors everywhere — owes him, is enormous."

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Greece Directors Ranking

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Rank Name Total
1. Elia Kazan 9508
2. John Cassavetes 712
3. Theo Angelopoulos 427
4. Pantelis Voulgaris 421
5. Giannis Smaragdis 410
6. Costa Gavras 409
7. Yorgos Lanthimos 0

Directors Ranking

Show All
Rank Name Total
18. Hamid Tamjidi 13145
19. Abdul Wahid Nazari 12952
20. Razi Mohebi 12631
21. Rangel Vulchanov 11624
22. Elia Kazan 9508
23. Azzedine Meddour 8897
24. S.S. Rajamouli 8772
25. Lazar Ristovski 8572
26. Milco Mancevski 8200

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# Name Today Total
1 Turkey 330466 8270421
2 Brazil 104233 4788950
3 South Korea 78160 1782220
4 India 75112 3755384
5 Romania 53882 559060
6 Portugal 42450 317479
7 Russia 32266 1350617
8 Iran 25596 4179948
9 United Kingdom 12598 898199
10 Syria 12028 1399521
11 Serbia 11534 220638
12 United States of America 11470 1430535
13 Germany 11425 83104
14 Macedonia 11354 961040
15 Ukraine 7169 234842
16 Israel 4455 70920
17 Lebanon 4300 545072
18 Jordan 3893 520968
19 Poland 3799 407096
20 France 2879 86702
21 Saudi Arabia 2754 771490
22 Palestine 2264 153605
23 Bulgaria 2256 324944
24 Norway 1440 16079
25 Slovakia 1427 13307
26 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1357 361082
27 Sri Lanka 1256 9813
28 Pakistan 509 275122
29 Iraq 423 850453
30 Italy 405 62506
31 Greece 179 416245
32 Afghanistan 76 5591557
33 Czech Republic 44 19861
34 Estonia 43 43
35 Latvia 42 42
36 Argentina 39 59223
37 Spain 22 83258
38 Lithuania 17 52
39 Egypt 15 958950
40 Hungary 13 2688
41 Monaco 10 41
42 Slovenia 10 67
43 Switzerland 9 603130
44 Belarus 9 2621
45 Canada 9 23175
46 Indonesia 8 43756
47 Uruguay 8 514
48 Tunisia 4 40348
49 Malaysia 4 11334
50 Philippines 3 621
51 Ireland 2 2251
52 Faroe Islands 2 3014
53 Turkmenistan 2 6
54 Swaziland 2 2
55 Ethiopia 1 13229
56 Bahrain 1 16644
57 Kuwait 1 63816
58 Mexico 1 37801
59 Georgia 1 92
60 Peru 1 1633
61 Morocco 1 347004
62 Mozambique 0 0
63 Myanmar 0 40
64 Namibia 0 0
65 Nauru 0 0
66 Nepal 0 0
67 Netherlands 0 282
68 New Zealand 0 12332
69 Nicaragua 0 0
70 Niger 0 0
71 Nigeria 0 10
72 Northern Cyprus 0 374
73 Mongolia 0 2
74 Montenegro 0 96
75 Oman 0 4
76 Panama 0 1
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78 Paraguay 0 13
79 Senegal 0 0
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81 Qatar 0 0
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84 Saint Lucia 0 0
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86 San Marino 0 0
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88 Luxembourg 0 0
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91 Liberia 0 3
92 Libya 0 143
93 Liechtenstein 0 0
94 Moldova 0 11059
95 Madagascar 0 0
96 Malawi 0 0
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98 Mali 0 0
99 Malta 0 311
100 Mauritania 0 0