9508
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Country: Greece

About Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan (EEL-ya Kah-ZAHN; IPA: /eˈlia kaˈzan/; September 7, 1909 – September 28, 2003) was an American director, described as "one of the most honored and influential directors in Broadway and Hollywood history". He also produced, and wrote screenplays and novels. Born in the Ottoman Empire to Anatolian Greek parents, they emigrated to New York when he was four. He spent two years studying acting at Yale and then acted professionally before becoming a stage and film director. He co-founded the influential Group Theater in 1932 and Actors Studio in 1947, and together with Lee Strasberg, introduced Method acting to the American stage and cinema as a new form of self-expression and psychological "realism". Having been an actor himself for eight years, he brought sensitivity and understanding of the acting process, and was later considered the ideal "actor's director".Kazan introduced a new generation of unknown young actors to the movie audiences, including Marlon Brando and James Dean, but was most noted for drawing out the best dramatic performances from his actors. As a result, he directed 21 different actors to Oscar nominations, resulting in nine wins. He was considered "one of the consummate filmmakers of the 20th century", after directing a continual string of successful films, including, A Streetcar Named Desire, On the Waterfront, and East of Eden. He won three Oscars as Best Director, five Tony Awards, and four Golden Globes. Among the other new actors he introduced to movie audiences for the first time, were Warren Beatty, Carroll Baker, Julie Harris, Andy Griffith, Lee Remick, Rip Torn, Eli Wallach, Eva Marie Saint, Martin Balsam, Fred Gwynne, and Pat Hingle. He also elicited some of the best performances in the careers of actors like Natalie Wood and James Dunn. Producer George Stevens, Jr. concludes that Kazan's films and new actors have "changed American moviemaking". Most of his films were concerned with personal or social issues of special concern to him. He writes, "I don't move unless I have some empathy with the basic theme. In some way the channel of the film should also be in my own life." His first such "issue" films was Gentleman's Agreement (1947), with Gregory Peck, which dealt with hidden anti-Semitism in America. It received 8 Oscar nominations and 3 wins, and Kazan's first for Best Director. He followed it with Pinky, one of the first films to address racial prejudice against blacks. In 1954, he directed On the Waterfront, a film about union corruption in New York, which some consider "one of the greatest films in the history of international cinema." A major film earlier in his career was A Streetcar Named Desire (1951), an adaptation of the stage play which he had also directed. It received 12 Oscar nominations, winning 4, and was Marlon Brando's widely acclaimed screen debut. In 1955, he directed John Steinbeck's East of Eden, which also introduced James Dean to movie audiences for the first time, making him an overnight star. A turning point in Kazan's career came with his testimony as a "friendly witness" before the House Un-American Activities Committee in 1952, which cost him the respect of many liberal friends and colleagues, such as playwright Arthur Miller. Overall, Kazan influenced the films of the 1950s and 1960s by his run of provocative, issues-driven subjects, and acting. Moreover, his personal brand of cinema, employing real locations over sets, unknowns over stars, and realism over convenient genres, proved influential to a whole generation of independent filmmakers in the 1960s, such as Sidney Lumet, John Cassavetes, Arthur Penn, Martin Scorsese, and Woody Allen. Film author Ian Freer concludes that "If his achievements are tainted by political controversy, the debt Hollywood — and actors everywhere — owes him, is enormous."

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Greece Directors Ranking

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Rank Name Total
1. Elia Kazan 9508
2. John Cassavetes 712
3. Theo Angelopoulos 427
4. Pantelis Voulgaris 421
5. Giannis Smaragdis 410
6. Costa Gavras 409
7. Yorgos Lanthimos 0

Directors Ranking

Show All
Rank Name Total
18. Abdul Wahid Nazari 12952
19. Razi Mohebi 12631
20. Rangel Vulchanov 11624
21. Cristian Mungiu 10732
22. Elia Kazan 9508
23. Azzedine Meddour 8897
24. S.S. Rajamouli 8771
25. Lazar Ristovski 8566
26. Milco Mancevski 8200

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# Name Today Total
1 Turkey 1420 7778334
2 India 317 3655868
3 South Korea 284 1673115
4 Brazil 214 4650370
5 Russia 200 1305364
6 Portugal 121 262787
7 Romania 94 474798
8 Iran 80 4144080
9 United States of America 61 1413726
10 Serbia 49 204798
11 United Kingdom 45 881191
12 Poland 40 398619
13 Syria 38 1383551
14 Saudi Arabia 30 765871
15 Macedonia 28 945993
16 Ukraine 27 225246
17 Israel 20 64553
18 Jordan 14 515415
19 Palestine 14 150222
20 Afghanistan 12 5591265
21 Germany 9 68159
22 Bulgaria 9 321330
23 Bosnia and Herzegovina 7 359148
24 France 5 83000
25 Lebanon 4 540105
26 Norway 3 14487
27 Sri Lanka 3 8152
28 Iraq 2 849906
29 Ireland 0 2249
30 Indonesia 0 43748
31 Italy 0 62098
32 Jamaica 0 8060
33 Japan 0 8819
34 Kazakhstan 0 228
35 Kenya 0 4
36 Kiribati 0 0
37 North Korea 0 0
38 Kosovo 0 2950
39 Kuwait 0 63815
40 Kyrgyzstan 0 93
41 Laos 0 0
42 Latvia 0 0
43 Madagascar 0 0
44 Malawi 0 0
45 Malaysia 0 11330
46 Maldives 0 3
47 Mali 0 0
48 Malta 0 311
49 Mauritania 0 0
50 Mauritius 0 0
51 Mexico 0 37800
52 Moldova 0 11059
53 Monaco 0 31
54 Mongolia 0 2
55 Montenegro 0 96
56 Morocco 0 347002
57 Mozambique 0 0
58 Myanmar 0 40
59 Namibia 0 0
60 Nauru 0 0
61 Nepal 0 0
62 Netherlands 0 282
63 New Zealand 0 12332
64 Nicaragua 0 0
65 Niger 0 0
66 Nigeria 0 10
67 Northern Cyprus 0 374
68 Oman 0 4
69 Pakistan 0 274313
70 Puerto Rico 0 1384
71 Qatar 0 0
72 Panama 0 1
73 Papua New Guinea 0 0
74 Paraguay 0 13
75 Peru 0 1632
76 Philippines 0 617
77 Lesotho 0 0
78 Liberia 0 3
79 Libya 0 143
80 Liechtenstein 0 0
81 Lithuania 0 35
82 Luxembourg 0 0
83 Macau 0 0
84 Senegal 0 0
85 Rwanda 0 0
86 Saint Kitts and Nevis 0 0
87 Saint Lucia 0 0
88 Samoa 0 0
89 San Marino 0 0
90 Sao Tome and Principe 0 0
91 Seychelles 0 0
92 Sierra Leone 0 0
93 Singapore 0 1
94 Slovakia 0 11880
95 Slovenia 0 57
96 Solomon Islands 0 0
97 Somalia 0 32
98 Somaliland 0 0
99 South Africa 0 267
100 Spain 0 83236