F. Mostafa Soltani

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271141
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8
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3

Country: Iran

About F. Mostafa Soltani
Foad M. Soltani, or Kak Foad (1948-1979), was a Kurdish political leader, who influenced the events in Eastern Kurdistan after 1979 Iran revolution until summer 1979 when he was killed by Islamic regime's armed forces between Saqqez and Marivan. He was born in Almana, a beautiful village around Marivan city in Eastern Kurdistan, and into a well-known family*. He studied Electrical engineering at Sharif University of Technology. There he voiced students' discontentment,and once resisted the commander of the Royal Gard when he tried to enter the dormitory . After graduation he found himself in many important positions in many cities of Iran, though under the surveillance of the intelligent services of the Shah. Therefore, his applications for work in Kurdistan were constantly refused. He spent many years in the Shah’s prisons before he was released amid Iran’s 1979 revolution and after a hunger strike with other political prisoners.Foundation of Komala and his role In 1969 and with some friends, Kak Foad founded a political group, which later was going to be called ‘Komala’. They believed in socialism and accepted Marxism, though separated themselves from the Soviet bloc and any movement and stance not working on the immediate needs of the society. The 1953 coup put an effective end to the independence and powers of the Majles and practically every other institution in the state other than the crown. The Person of the Shah became the state. In order to insure his ascendancy, the Shah constructed (with CIA’s help) an elaborate and highly efficient police apparatus known as SAVAK (acronym for Sazman-e-Ettela’at va Amniyat-e Keshvar) that permeated every aspect of life in Iran. It was an era of royal absolutism which lasted till 1975, when the deficit in the budget and decrease in the oil revenue triggered the beginning of the end of the Pahlavi dynasty. Secular opposition (the National Front and the Tudeh Party) was suppressed after the coup. Other Groups emerged, which believed in ‘armed revolution’ and distanced themselves from the Tudeh. Komala was a small group in late 1960s (mainly university students and graduates), which did not accept the notion of ‘armed revolution’ and defined themselves quite different from not only the Thudeh tradition, but also from any guerrilla tactic to overthrow the regime. It remained political and clandestine until the night of the revolution (February 11, 1979) when one of its founders, Mohammad Hosain Karimi, died when leading demonstrators to occupy the city police station in Saqqez When Kak Foad was released from prison Kurdistan was experiencing a widespread political change. In a very short time Kak Foad and some members of Komala, popular in their cities, grew into a giant political movement. The thing is it could not have probably happened without Kak Foad. In less than one year Kurdistan, now more urbanised, experienced a democratic, eventful and pleasant period and grew into a politically more mature society with the maximum participation of every single member of it.

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Iran Leaders & Politicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
1. Abolhassan Banisadr 627047
2. S. H. Kazemeyni 459813
3. F. Mostafa Soltani 271141
4. Mahmudali Chehregani 205575
5. Massoud Rajavi 186298
6. Maryam Rajavi 170223
7. Mousavi 156791
8. Prince Reza Pahlavi 148616
9. A. R. Ghassemlou 81718
10. Ruhollah M. Khomeini 66395

Leaders & Politicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
4. Atatürk 607827
5. S. H. Kazemeyni 459813
6. Ahmed Shah BaBa 384527
7. Abdul Ali Mazari 274153
8. F. Mostafa Soltani 271141
9. Mahmudali Chehregani 205575
10. Massoud Rajavi 186298
11. Maryam Rajavi 170223
12. Mohammad al-Massari 162226

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# Name Today Total
1 Turkey 273 7638473
2 Brazil 45 4614421
3 South Korea 24 1651155
4 India 20 3633606
5 Romania 19 452391
6 Ukraine 9 222622
7 United States of America 8 1406952
8 Poland 8 392499
9 Iran 7 4136260
10 Saudi Arabia 5 763344
11 Serbia 5 201658
12 Syria 4 1379509
13 Russia 3 1283790
14 Portugal 3 254084
15 Israel 3 62716
16 Jordan 3 513923
17 Macedonia 2 943448
18 France 2 82292
19 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1 358699
20 Germany 1 67001
21 Italy 1 62053
22 Lebanon 1 539678
23 Norway 1 14200
24 Sweden 1 22099
25 Switzerland 0 603115
26 Turkmenistan 0 4
27 Uganda 0 2
28 Senegal 0 0
29 Iraq 0 849782
30 Ireland 0 2249
31 Tajikistan 0 17542
32 Thailand 0 1139
33 Tanzania 0 2
34 Togo 0 0
35 Tonga 0 0
36 Trinidad and Tobago 0 35
37 Tunisia 0 40340
38 Uruguay 0 506
39 Uzbekistan 0 1
40 Vanuatu 0 0
41 Venezuela 0 740
42 Vietnam 0 0
43 Western Sahara 0 0
44 Yemen 0 112
45 Zambia 0 3
46 Zimbabwe 0 0
47 Colombia 0 12200
48 United Arab Emirates 0 16055
49 United Kingdom 0 876934
50 Oman 0 4
51 Pakistan 0 274118
52 Palestine 0 148893
53 Panama 0 1
54 Papua New Guinea 0 0
55 Paraguay 0 13
56 Peru 0 1632
57 Philippines 0 617
58 Puerto Rico 0 1384
59 Qatar 0 0
60 Kosovo 0 2950
61 Kuwait 0 63815
62 Kyrgyzstan 0 93
63 Laos 0 0
64 Latvia 0 0
65 Rwanda 0 0
66 Saint Kitts and Nevis 0 0
67 Saint Lucia 0 0
68 Samoa 0 0
69 San Marino 0 0
70 Sao Tome and Principe 0 0
71 Seychelles 0 0
72 Sierra Leone 0 0
73 Singapore 0 1
74 Slovakia 0 11880
75 Slovenia 0 57
76 Solomon Islands 0 0
77 Somalia 0 32
78 Somaliland 0 0
79 South Africa 0 267
80 Spain 0 82688
81 Sri Lanka 0 7836
82 Sudan 0 147
83 Suriname 0 0
84 Swaziland 0 0
85 Lesotho 0 0
86 Liberia 0 3
87 Libya 0 143
88 Liechtenstein 0 0
89 Lithuania 0 35
90 Luxembourg 0 0
91 Macau 0 0
92 Jamaica 0 8060
93 Japan 0 8819
94 Kazakhstan 0 228
95 Kenya 0 4
96 Kiribati 0 0
97 North Korea 0 0
98 Madagascar 0 0
99 Malawi 0 0
100 Malaysia 0 11330