F. Mostafa Soltani

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271141
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3

Country: Iran

About F. Mostafa Soltani
Foad M. Soltani, or Kak Foad (1948-1979), was a Kurdish political leader, who influenced the events in Eastern Kurdistan after 1979 Iran revolution until summer 1979 when he was killed by Islamic regime's armed forces between Saqqez and Marivan. He was born in Almana, a beautiful village around Marivan city in Eastern Kurdistan, and into a well-known family*. He studied Electrical engineering at Sharif University of Technology. There he voiced students' discontentment,and once resisted the commander of the Royal Gard when he tried to enter the dormitory . After graduation he found himself in many important positions in many cities of Iran, though under the surveillance of the intelligent services of the Shah. Therefore, his applications for work in Kurdistan were constantly refused. He spent many years in the Shah’s prisons before he was released amid Iran’s 1979 revolution and after a hunger strike with other political prisoners.Foundation of Komala and his role In 1969 and with some friends, Kak Foad founded a political group, which later was going to be called ‘Komala’. They believed in socialism and accepted Marxism, though separated themselves from the Soviet bloc and any movement and stance not working on the immediate needs of the society. The 1953 coup put an effective end to the independence and powers of the Majles and practically every other institution in the state other than the crown. The Person of the Shah became the state. In order to insure his ascendancy, the Shah constructed (with CIA’s help) an elaborate and highly efficient police apparatus known as SAVAK (acronym for Sazman-e-Ettela’at va Amniyat-e Keshvar) that permeated every aspect of life in Iran. It was an era of royal absolutism which lasted till 1975, when the deficit in the budget and decrease in the oil revenue triggered the beginning of the end of the Pahlavi dynasty. Secular opposition (the National Front and the Tudeh Party) was suppressed after the coup. Other Groups emerged, which believed in ‘armed revolution’ and distanced themselves from the Tudeh. Komala was a small group in late 1960s (mainly university students and graduates), which did not accept the notion of ‘armed revolution’ and defined themselves quite different from not only the Thudeh tradition, but also from any guerrilla tactic to overthrow the regime. It remained political and clandestine until the night of the revolution (February 11, 1979) when one of its founders, Mohammad Hosain Karimi, died when leading demonstrators to occupy the city police station in Saqqez When Kak Foad was released from prison Kurdistan was experiencing a widespread political change. In a very short time Kak Foad and some members of Komala, popular in their cities, grew into a giant political movement. The thing is it could not have probably happened without Kak Foad. In less than one year Kurdistan, now more urbanised, experienced a democratic, eventful and pleasant period and grew into a politically more mature society with the maximum participation of every single member of it.

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Iran Leaders & Politicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
1. Abolhassan Banisadr 632125
2. S. H. Kazemeyni 459814
3. F. Mostafa Soltani 271141
4. Mahmudali Chehregani 205575
5. Massoud Rajavi 186744
6. Maryam Rajavi 170561
7. Mousavi 156791
8. Prince Reza Pahlavi 148616
9. A. R. Ghassemlou 83167
10. Ruhollah M. Khomeini 66395

Leaders & Politicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
4. Atatürk 631655
5. S. H. Kazemeyni 459814
6. Ahmed Shah BaBa 384530
7. Abdul Ali Mazari 274158
8. F. Mostafa Soltani 271141
9. Mahmudali Chehregani 205575
10. Massoud Rajavi 186744
11. Maryam Rajavi 170561
12. Mohammad al-Massari 163253

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# Name Today Total
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2 Romania 311 482935
3 South Korea 273 1682336
4 India 257 3663743
5 Brazil 203 4660302
6 Russia 119 1310378
7 Portugal 103 265454
8 Iran 102 4147471
9 United States of America 63 1415453
10 Saudi Arabia 43 766880
11 Serbia 38 206076
12 Poland 36 399885
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14 United Kingdom 34 882564
15 Macedonia 29 946952
16 Ukraine 23 226147
17 Israel 17 65057
18 Jordan 11 515973
19 Palestine 10 150567
20 France 10 83333
21 Afghanistan 8 5591469
22 Bulgaria 8 321677
23 Bosnia and Herzegovina 6 359345
24 Germany 6 68695
25 Sri Lanka 5 8286
26 Lebanon 3 540324
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28 Iraq 2 849932
29 Norway 2 14529
30 Pakistan 1 274370
31 Puerto Rico 0 1384
32 Qatar 0 0
33 Sudan 0 147
34 Suriname 0 0
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36 Sweden 0 22247
37 Switzerland 0 603121
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39 Thailand 0 1139
40 Tanzania 0 2
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63 Paraguay 0 13
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68 Libya 0 143
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80 Somaliland 0 0
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100 Kyrgyzstan 0 93