Gerhard Schröder

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Country: Germany

About Gerhard Schröder
Gerhard Fritz Kurt Schröder (help·info) (German pronunciation: ˌɡeɐ̯haɐ̯t fʁɪt͡s kʊɐ̯t ˈʃʁøːdɐ; 7 April 1944) is a German politician, and was Chancellor of Germany from 1998 to 2005. A member of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD), he led a coalition government of the SPD and the Greens. Before becoming a full-time politician, he was a lawyer, and before becoming Chancellor he was Minister-president of the German state of Lower Saxony. Following the 2005 federal election, which his party lost, after three weeks of negotiations he stood down as Chancellor in favour of Angela Merkel of the rival Christian Democratic Union. He is currently the chairman of the board of Nord Stream AG.Schröder (officially spelt "Schroeder" in English) was born in Mossenberg, in what is now North Rhine-Westphalia. His father Fritz Schröder, a lance corporal in the Wehrmacht, was killed during World War II in action in Romania on 4 October 1944, a few months after Gerhard's birth. His mother Erika worked as an agricultural laborer in order to support herself and her two sons. Schröder completed an apprenticeship in retail sales in a Lemgo hardware shop from 1958 to 1961, then worked in a retail shop in Lage and after that as an unskilled construction worker and a sales clerk in Göttingen while studying at night school to gain a high school diploma. He did not have to do military service because his father died in the war. In 1966, Schröder secured entrance to a university, passing the Abitur exam at Westfalen-Kolleg, Bielefeld. From 1966 to 1971 he studied law at the University of Göttingen. From 1972 onwards, Schröder served as an assistant at Göttingen University. In 1976, he passed his second law examination and worked as a lawyer until 1990. Among his more controversial cases, Schröder helped founding member of the Baader-Meinhof terrorist group Horst Mahler secure an early release from prison and the permission to practice law again in Germany. Schröder joined the Social Democratic Party in 1963. In 1978 he became the federal chairman of the Young Socialists, the youth organisation of the SPD. He spoke for the dissident Bahro, as did President Jimmy Carter, Herbert Marcuse and Wolf Biermann. In 1982 he wrote an article on the idea of a red/green coalition for a book at Olle & Wolter, Berlin, which later appeared in "Die Zeit". SPD- and SI-Chairman, Chancellor Willy Brandt, who reviewed Olle & Wolter at that time, had just asked for more books on the subject. In 1980 Gerhard Schröder was elected to the German Bundestag, and wore a sweater to parliament instead of the traditional suit. He became chairman of the SPD Hanover district. In 1985, Schröder met the GDR leader Erich Honecker during a visit to East Berlin. In 1986, Schröder was elected to the parliament of Lower Saxony and became leader of the SPD group. After the SPD won the state elections in June 1990, he became Minister-President of Lower Saxony as head of an SPD-Greens coalition; in this position, he also won the 1994 and 1998 state elections.

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Germany Leaders & Politicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
5. Angela Merkel 51
6. Willy Brandt 12
7. Helmut Kohl 9
8. Vural Öger 6
9. Gerhard Schröder 2
10. Wilhelm I 2
11. Feleknas Uca 1
12. Adolf Hitler 0
13. Adolf Hitler 0

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1 Turkey 371819 8311774
2 Brazil 125883 4810600
3 South Korea 91745 1795805
4 India 89793 3770065
5 Romania 53900 559078
6 Portugal 48462 323491
7 Russia 37664 1356015
8 Iran 29944 4184296
9 United Kingdom 14853 900454
10 Germany 14154 85833
11 Syria 13848 1401341
12 Serbia 13575 222679
13 Macedonia 12913 962599
14 United States of America 12467 1431532
15 Ukraine 7685 235358
16 Israel 4901 71366
17 Lebanon 4804 545576
18 Jordan 4566 521641
19 Poland 3800 407097
20 France 3772 87595
21 Saudi Arabia 2956 771692
22 Palestine 2464 153805
23 Bulgaria 2365 325053
24 Norway 1733 16372
25 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1510 361235
26 Sri Lanka 1449 10006
27 Slovakia 1430 13310
28 Iraq 1198 851228
29 Pakistan 555 275168
30 Italy 473 62574
31 Greece 196 416262
32 Afghanistan 88 5591569
33 Czech Republic 44 19861
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36 Argentina 39 59223
37 Spain 22 83258
38 Lithuania 17 52
39 Egypt 15 958950
40 Hungary 13 2688
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45 Canada 9 23175
46 Indonesia 8 43756
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48 Tunisia 5 40349
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51 Mexico 2 37802
52 Ireland 2 2251
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55 Swaziland 2 2
56 Ethiopia 1 13229
57 Azerbaijan 1 14799
58 Bahrain 1 16644
59 Georgia 1 92
60 Kuwait 1 63816
61 Morocco 1 347004
62 Peru 1 1633
63 Oman 0 4
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65 Qatar 0 0
66 Rwanda 0 0
67 Saint Kitts and Nevis 0 0
68 Saint Lucia 0 0
69 Samoa 0 0
70 San Marino 0 0
71 Sao Tome and Principe 0 0
72 Mozambique 0 0
73 Myanmar 0 40
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