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About Hafez Khwāja Šamsu d-Dīn Muḥammad Hāfez-e Šīrāzī (Persian: خواجه شمس‌الدین محمد حافظ شیرازی), known by his pen name Hāfez (born 1315 - died 1390) was the most celebrated Persian lyric poet and is often described as a poet's poet. His Divan is to be found in the homes of most Iranians, who learn his poems by heart and use them as proverbs and sayings to this day. His life and poems have been the subject of much analysis, commentary and interpretation, and have influenced the course of post-Fourteenth Century Persian writing more than anything else has. The major themes of his ghazals are love, the celebration of wine and intoxication, and exposing the hypocrisy of those who have set themselves up as guardians, judges and examples of moral rectitude. His presence in the lives of Iranians can be felt through Hafez-reading (fāl-e hāfez, Persian: فال حافظ), frequent use of his poems in Persian traditional music, visual art and Persian calligraphy. His tomb in Shiraz is a masterpiece of Iranian architecture and visited often. Adaptations, imitations and translations of Hafez' poems exist in all major languages.

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Iran Scientists & Academicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
8. Nasir Al Din Tusi 2134
9. Mahmoud Hessaby 1222
10. Alireza Asgharzadeh 1114
11. Nasser Pourpirar 971
12. Hafez 836
13. Ali Javan 643
14. Mostafa Chamran 618
15. Lotfali Askar-Zadeh 605
16. Morteza Motahhari 527

Scientists & Academicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
92. Taskin Tuna 918
93. Ali Kuşçu 904
94. Erol Güngör 880
95. Nietzshe 838
96. Hafez 836
97. Magdi Habib Yacoub 776
98. Ali al-Wardi 693
99. Isaac Newton 685
100. Sameera Moussa 678