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About Hejar Abdurrahman Sharafkandi or Hazhar, (Kurdish: هه‌ژار, Hejar Şerefkendî) (1920 - February 22, 1990), was a renowned Iranian-Kurdish writer, poet, linguist, and translator. He was also the brother of the Iranian-Kurdish politician Dr. Sadeq Sharafkandi (1938-1992). Dr. Sharafkandi was the second General Secretary of the Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iran (PDKI).Biography Hejar was born in the city of Mahabad in north-western Iran. He began religious studies in early childhood, but was forced to abandon it when he lost his father at the age of 17. He started writing poems in Kurdish around 1940. Through his readings, he came under the influence of famous Kurdish poets such as Malaye Jaziri, Ahmad Khani , Wafaei and Haji Qadir Koyi. He was involved in the Kurdish movement led by Qazi Muhammad and was appointed as one of the official poets of the Republic of Mahabad in 1947. After the fall of the republic, he was forced into exile. For about 30 years, he lived in different countries such as Iraq, Syria, Lebanon and Egypt. In Iraq, he became involved in the nationalist movement led by Mustafa Barzani, with whom he developed a close friendship. In 1975, after the defeat of the movement, he moved back to Iran, and settled in the city of Karaj, where he lived until his death in February 22nd, 1990. He is buried in his home town of Mahabad. Works Hejar was one of the most prolific Kurdish writers. He has written 24 books. He is credited for many works, among which are the editing and commentary of poems of Malaye Jaziri in Sorani Kurdish , translation of Khani's works into Sorani Kurdish, translation of Koran into Kurdish, the first Kurdish-Kurdish-Persian dictionary in Iran, and translation of the poems of Khayyam into Kurdish, with the same rhythm.

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Iran Writers & Authors Ranking

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Rank Name Total
1. Shahyar Ghanbari 25672
2. Ahmad Shamlou 20738
3. Mohammad Ghazi 15278
4. Reza Ghassemi 13339
5. Hejar 12479
6. Hemin Mukriyani 10325
7. Ahmad Kasravi 9624
8. Ali Shariati 6108
9. Ali Dashti 5893
10. M. Reza Ali-Payam 5213

Writers & Authors Ranking

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Rank Name Total
36. Ehmedi Xani 13479
37. Reza Ghassemi 13339
38. Tahir ul-Qadri 13209
39. Carlos Drummond 13001
40. Hejar 12479
41. Kuvempu 12457
42. Graciliano Ramos 12270
43. Ivan Vazov 12154
44. Ivo Andric 12068