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About III. Selim Selim III (Ottoman Turkish: سليم ثالث Selīm-i sālis) (December 24, 1761 – July 28/29, 1808) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1789 to 1807. He was a son of Mustafa III (1757–74) and succeeded his uncle Abdülhamid I (1774–89). He was born in Constantinople. His mother was Valide Sultan Mihr-i shah. His attempts to reform the Ottoman Empire ended with his assasination.The talents and energy with which Selim III was endowed had endeared him to the people, and great hopes were founded on his accession. He had associated much with foreigners, and was thoroughly persuaded of the necessity of reforming his state. But Austria and Russia gave him no time for anything but defense, and it was not until the peace of Iaşi (1792) that a breathing space was allowed him in Europe, while Napoleon's invasion of Egypt and Syria soon called for Turkey's strongest efforts and for the time shattered the old-standing Franco-Ottoman alliance. Selim III profited by the respite to abolish the military tenure of fiefs; he introduced salutary reforms into the administration, especially in the fiscal department, sought by well-considered plans to extend the spread of education, and engaged foreign officers as instructors, by whom a small corps of new troops called nizam-i-jedid were collected and drilled. So well were these troops organized that they were able to hold their own against rebellious Janissaries in the European provinces, where disaffected governors made no scruple of attempting to make use of them against the reforming sultan. Emboldened by this success, Selim III issued an order that in future picked men should be taken annually from the Janissaries to serve in their ranks.

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Turkey Leaders & Politicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
59. Rauf Orbay 49
60. Cengiz Topel 48
61. Fevzi Çakmak 47
62. IV. Murat 46
63. III. Selim 45
64. Bülent Arınç 44
65. Köroğlu 43
66. Seyit Ali Reis 42
67. Kutalmışoğlu 41

Leaders & Politicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
581. Vlad Filat 47
582. M. Safaei Farahani 47
583. Mohsen Aminzadeh 47
584. IV. Murat 46
585. III. Selim 45
586. Jaber Al Sabah 45
587. M. Soekarnoputri 45
588. Simeon I 45
589. Bülent Arınç 44

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