10099
7
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50
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3

Country: Romania

About Ion Creanga
Ion Creangă (Romanian pronunciation: iˈon ˈkre̯aŋgə; also known as Nică al lui Ştefan a Petrei, Ion Torcălău and Ioan Ştefănescu; March 1, 1837 or June 10, 1839 – December 31, 1889) was a Moldavian-born Romanian writer, raconteur and schoolteacher. A main figure in 19th century Romanian literature, he is best known for his Childhood Memories volume, his novellas and short stories, and his many anecdotes. Creangă's main contribution to fantasy and children's literature includes narratives structured around eponymous protagonists ("Harap Alb", "Ivan Turbincă", "Dănilă Prepeleac", "Stan Păţitul"), as well as fairy tales indebted to conventional forms ("The Story of the Pig", "The Goat and Her Three Kids", "The Mother with Three Daughters-in-Law", "The Old Man's Daughter and the Old Woman's Daughter"). Widely seen as masterpieces of the Romanian language and local humor, his writings occupy the middle ground between a collection of folkloric sources and an original contribution to a literary realism of rural inspiration. They are accompanied by a set of contributions to erotic literature, collectively known as his "corrosives". A defrocked Romanian Orthodox priest with an unconventional lifestyle, Creangă made an early impact as an innovative educator and textbook author, while pursuing a short career in nationalist politics with the Fracţiunea liberă şi independentă group. His literary debut came late in life, closely following the start of his close friendship with Romania's national poet Mihai Eminescu and their common affiliation with the influential conservative literary society Junimea. Although viewed with reserve by many of his colleagues there, and primarily appreciated for his records of oral tradition, Creangă helped propagate the group's cultural guidelines in an accessible form. Later criticism has often described him, alongside Eminescu, Ion Luca Caragiale and Ioan Slavici, as one of the most accomplished representatives of Junimist literature. Ion Creangă was posthumously granted several honors, and is commemorated by a number of institutions in both Romania and neighboring Moldova. These include the Bojdeuca building in Iaşi, which, in 1918, was opened as the first memorial house in Romania. His direct descendants include Horia Creangă, one of the leading Romanian architects during the interwar period.

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Romania Writers & Authors Ranking

Show All
Rank Name Total
1. Mihai Eminescu 90302
2. Ion Luca Caragiale 13400
3. Ion Creanga 10099
4. Mircea Eliade 2432
5. Nichita Stanescu 2263
6. Marin Preda 1830
7. Emil Cioran 418
8. Lucian Blaga 416
9. Tudor Arghezi 312
10. Liviu Rebreanu 216

Writers & Authors Ranking

Show All
Rank Name Total
46. Jorge Amado 10550
47. Marislei Brasileiro 10417
48. Hemin Mukriyani 10324
49. Kateb Yacine 10121
50. Ion Creanga 10099
51. Ahmad Kasravi 9624
52. Edmar Torres Alves 9545
53. Orhan Pamuk 8947
54. Paulo Coelho 8818

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1 Turkey 1096 7691211
2 Brazil 368 4631570
3 India 222 3641761
4 Russia 214 1292415
5 South Korea 194 1659437
6 Poland 102 395607
7 Romania 93 461571
8 United States of America 70 1410135
9 Portugal 66 256565
10 Iran 48 4139031
11 Syria 40 1381159
12 United Kingdom 38 878503
13 Serbia 24 202386
14 Ukraine 22 223517
15 Saudi Arabia 20 764318
16 Spain 19 83154
17 Macedonia 17 944439
18 Palestine 15 149448
19 Israel 13 63399
20 Jordan 13 514365
21 Belgium 9 8463
22 Tajikistan 9 17637
23 Germany 8 67341
24 Bulgaria 6 320662
25 France 6 82509
26 Bosnia and Herzegovina 5 358872
27 Lebanon 2 539819
28 Norway 2 14319
29 Sweden 2 22183
30 Sri Lanka 1 7940
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32 Italy 1 62086
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34 Albania 0 2207
35 Algeria 0 94755
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39 Argentina 0 59184
40 Armenia 0 1095
41 Australia 0 713
42 Austria 0 377
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50 Brunei Darussalem 0 0
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54 Bhutan 0 0
55 Bolivia 0 5434
56 Ghana 0 3
57 Greece 0 415720
58 Greenland 0 0
59 Grenada 0 0
60 Guatemala 0 0
61 Guinea 0 4
62 Guinea-Bissau 0 0
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88 Cuba 0 29
89 Cyprus 0 1903
90 Czech Republic 0 19817
91 Denmark 0 352
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95 Ecuador 0 4
96 Egypt 0 958935
97 El Salvador 0 0
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100 Estonia 0 0