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About Ion Creanga Ion Creangă (Romanian pronunciation: iˈon ˈkre̯aŋgə; also known as Nică al lui Ştefan a Petrei, Ion Torcălău and Ioan Ştefănescu; March 1, 1837 or June 10, 1839 – December 31, 1889) was a Moldavian-born Romanian writer, raconteur and schoolteacher. A main figure in 19th century Romanian literature, he is best known for his Childhood Memories volume, his novellas and short stories, and his many anecdotes. Creangă's main contribution to fantasy and children's literature includes narratives structured around eponymous protagonists ("Harap Alb", "Ivan Turbincă", "Dănilă Prepeleac", "Stan Păţitul"), as well as fairy tales indebted to conventional forms ("The Story of the Pig", "The Goat and Her Three Kids", "The Mother with Three Daughters-in-Law", "The Old Man's Daughter and the Old Woman's Daughter"). Widely seen as masterpieces of the Romanian language and local humor, his writings occupy the middle ground between a collection of folkloric sources and an original contribution to a literary realism of rural inspiration. They are accompanied by a set of contributions to erotic literature, collectively known as his "corrosives". A defrocked Romanian Orthodox priest with an unconventional lifestyle, Creangă made an early impact as an innovative educator and textbook author, while pursuing a short career in nationalist politics with the Fracţiunea liberă şi independentă group. His literary debut came late in life, closely following the start of his close friendship with Romania's national poet Mihai Eminescu and their common affiliation with the influential conservative literary society Junimea. Although viewed with reserve by many of his colleagues there, and primarily appreciated for his records of oral tradition, Creangă helped propagate the group's cultural guidelines in an accessible form. Later criticism has often described him, alongside Eminescu, Ion Luca Caragiale and Ioan Slavici, as one of the most accomplished representatives of Junimist literature. Ion Creangă was posthumously granted several honors, and is commemorated by a number of institutions in both Romania and neighboring Moldova. These include the Bojdeuca building in Iaşi, which, in 1918, was opened as the first memorial house in Romania. His direct descendants include Horia Creangă, one of the leading Romanian architects during the interwar period.

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Romania Writers & Authors Ranking

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Rank Name Total
1. Mihai Eminescu 85985
2. Ion Luca Caragiale 13400
3. Ion Creanga 10005
4. Mircea Eliade 2432
5. Nichita Stanescu 2263
6. Marin Preda 1830
7. Emil Cioran 418
8. Lucian Blaga 375
9. Tudor Arghezi 312
10. Liviu Rebreanu 215

Writers & Authors Ranking

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Rank Name Total
46. Jorge Amado 10550
47. Marislei Brasileiro 10417
48. Hemin Mukriyani 10324
49. Kateb Yacine 10121
50. Ion Creanga 10005
51. Ahmad Kasravi 9623
52. Edmar Torres Alves 9545
53. Paulo Coelho 8818
54. Orhan Pamuk 8257

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