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Country: Romania

About Ion Creanga
Ion Creangă (Romanian pronunciation: iˈon ˈkre̯aŋgə; also known as Nică al lui Ştefan a Petrei, Ion Torcălău and Ioan Ştefănescu; March 1, 1837 or June 10, 1839 – December 31, 1889) was a Moldavian-born Romanian writer, raconteur and schoolteacher. A main figure in 19th century Romanian literature, he is best known for his Childhood Memories volume, his novellas and short stories, and his many anecdotes. Creangă's main contribution to fantasy and children's literature includes narratives structured around eponymous protagonists ("Harap Alb", "Ivan Turbincă", "Dănilă Prepeleac", "Stan Păţitul"), as well as fairy tales indebted to conventional forms ("The Story of the Pig", "The Goat and Her Three Kids", "The Mother with Three Daughters-in-Law", "The Old Man's Daughter and the Old Woman's Daughter"). Widely seen as masterpieces of the Romanian language and local humor, his writings occupy the middle ground between a collection of folkloric sources and an original contribution to a literary realism of rural inspiration. They are accompanied by a set of contributions to erotic literature, collectively known as his "corrosives". A defrocked Romanian Orthodox priest with an unconventional lifestyle, Creangă made an early impact as an innovative educator and textbook author, while pursuing a short career in nationalist politics with the Fracţiunea liberă şi independentă group. His literary debut came late in life, closely following the start of his close friendship with Romania's national poet Mihai Eminescu and their common affiliation with the influential conservative literary society Junimea. Although viewed with reserve by many of his colleagues there, and primarily appreciated for his records of oral tradition, Creangă helped propagate the group's cultural guidelines in an accessible form. Later criticism has often described him, alongside Eminescu, Ion Luca Caragiale and Ioan Slavici, as one of the most accomplished representatives of Junimist literature. Ion Creangă was posthumously granted several honors, and is commemorated by a number of institutions in both Romania and neighboring Moldova. These include the Bojdeuca building in Iaşi, which, in 1918, was opened as the first memorial house in Romania. His direct descendants include Horia Creangă, one of the leading Romanian architects during the interwar period.

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Romania Writers & Authors Ranking

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Rank Name Total
1. Mihai Eminescu 92077
2. Ion Luca Caragiale 13499
3. Ion Creanga 10100
4. Mircea Eliade 2441
5. Nichita Stanescu 2278
6. Marin Preda 1831
7. Lucian Blaga 707
8. Emil Cioran 419
9. Tudor Arghezi 319
10. Liviu Rebreanu 219

Writers & Authors Ranking

Show All
Rank Name Total
46. Jorge Amado 10550
47. Marislei Brasileiro 10417
48. Hemin Mukriyani 10324
49. Kateb Yacine 10121
50. Ion Creanga 10100
51. Ahmad Kasravi 9624
52. Edmar Torres Alves 9545
53. Orhan Pamuk 9333
54. Paulo Coelho 8818

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1 Turkey 1136 7869859
2 South Korea 319 1691841
3 Brazil 302 4670553
4 India 154 3670555
5 Portugal 135 269451
6 Russia 130 1314571
7 Romania 88 491762
8 Iran 75 4150436
9 Poland 74 401430
10 United States of America 40 1417060
11 Syria 39 1385884
12 United Kingdom 37 883879
13 Macedonia 35 948010
14 Serbia 30 207348
15 Israel 19 65644
16 Ukraine 15 226897
17 Jordan 14 516463
18 Palestine 13 150895
19 Saudi Arabia 13 767860
20 Germany 9 69666
21 Bosnia and Herzegovina 8 359531
22 Bulgaria 5 321987
23 Sri Lanka 3 8411
24 Lebanon 3 540505
25 Pakistan 1 274452
26 Norway 1 14569
27 Greece 1 415928
28 Greenland 0 0
29 Grenada 0 0
30 Guatemala 0 0
31 Guinea 0 4
32 Guinea-Bissau 0 0
33 Guyana 0 0
34 Haiti 0 0
35 Honduras 0 0
36 Hong Kong 0 201
37 Hungary 0 2675
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51 Australia 0 714
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57 Barbados 0 0
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98 Faroe Islands 0 3012
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100 Finland 0 8547