José de Alencar

Report
51615
10
Vote World Rank
7
Vote Brazil Rank
3

Country: Brazil

About José de Alencar
José Martiniano de Alencar (May 1, 1829 – December 12, 1877) was a Brazilian novelist. Born in Messejana, a small town near Fortaleza - Ceará, in northeast of Brazil. Alencar was the son of an important senator, José Martiniano de Alencar, and the cousin of the later, Ana Josefina de Alencar.After earning a bachelor's degree in Law he traveled to Rio de Janeiro, and started to work for the newspapers Correio Mercantil and Diário do Rio de Janeiro. At that time, Correio Mercantil employed other important Brazilian writers like Machado de Assis and Joaquim Manuel de Macedo. After being prevented from publishing certain articles in the Correio, Alencar and some of his friends bought the Diário do Rio de Janeiro, where the novelist published his first romances, Cinco Minutos (1856) and A viuvinha (1857). Following the partial success of the first writings, Alencar published O Guarany (1857), acquiring nationwide fame. O Guarani was the first of a trilogy about the Brazilian natives - the other two are Iracema (1865) and Ubirajara (1874). In those books the native is dressed as his European counterpart, the medieval knight. Since Brazil had no past (as the descendants of European immigrants thought), the solution was to create a national mythology that adapted European manners to tropical values. However this reading is conservative and has become rather outdated, as many recent studies have shown. Alencar's grand project was to affirm the independence of Brazil in all fields . A nationalist, Alencar was misunderstood by his contemporaries when he advocated the literary use of a truly national language, despite the common use of the Portuguese language in Brazil without changes. He also defended nationalism in many other ways and in many other fields. Two famous rivals of Alencar were Antônio Gonçalves Dias and Joaquim Nabuco. In 1860 Alencar entered politics as a delegate from Rio de Janeiro to Brazil's congress. In 1877 he was summoned to be a minister by Emperor Pedro II. But in the same year, Alencar was diagnosed with tuberculosis, and died in Rio de Janeiro after an unsuccessful attempt to cure himself in Europe. Pseudonyms: AC; Senio; G.M.; Erasmo; J. de Al; Job; Um Asno; Ig; Serio.

Best Supporters

How can you earn points?
1 Vote 1 Point [You must be logged in]
1 Referrer* 10 Points
*Call your friends to become a fan of José de Alencar with your referrer link and earn 10 points

p: 8887

p: 8216

p: 7802

p: 7577

p: 2

p: 1

p: 1

p: 1

p: 1

p: 1

José de Alencar Most Popular Quotes

Add Quote

Brazil Writers & Authors Ranking

Show All
Rank Name Total
1. JOANNA DE ÂNGELIS 62590
2. Diogo Mainardi 61656
3. José de Alencar 51615
4. Machado de Assis 26672
5. Monteiro Lobato 17173
6. Guimarães Rosa 17001
7. Euclides da Cunha 15000
8. Carlos Drummond 13001
9. Graciliano Ramos 12270
10. Clarice Lispector 10829

Writers & Authors Ranking

Show All
Rank Name Total
3. Nihal Atsız 62778
4. JOANNA DE ÂNGELIS 62590
5. Diogo Mainardi 61656
6. A.S. Pushkin 53654
7. José de Alencar 51615
8. Muhammad Ilyas Qadri 50947
9. Nazım Hikmet 44732
10. Adnan Oktar 39569
11. A.Hamza Shinwari 27512

José de Alencar Photos

Today Overall Show All

José de Alencar Videos

Today Overall Show All

Best Countries

Today Overall
# Name Today Total
1 Turkey 102 7638711
2 Russia 98 1283888
3 India 48 3633662
4 South Korea 32 1651210
5 Romania 28 452446
6 Iran 18 4136281
7 Palestine 13 148906
8 Poland 10 392518
9 Macedonia 10 943458
10 Ukraine 9 222631
11 United Kingdom 9 876944
12 Saudi Arabia 8 763352
13 United States of America 7 1406966
14 Portugal 6 254096
15 Brazil 4 4614487
16 Syria 3 1379514
17 Jordan 3 513926
18 Iraq 2 849784
19 Bosnia and Herzegovina 2 358701
20 Germany 2 67005
21 Belgium 1 8369
22 Afghanistan 1 5590787
23 Norway 1 14201
24 Tajikistan 1 17543
25 Israel 1 62720
26 Sweden 1 22100
27 Spain 1 82689
28 Sri Lanka 0 7836
29 Sudan 0 147
30 Suriname 0 0
31 Swaziland 0 0
32 Switzerland 0 603115
33 Turkmenistan 0 4
34 Uganda 0 2
35 Uruguay 0 506
36 Uzbekistan 0 1
37 Vanuatu 0 0
38 Venezuela 0 740
39 Vietnam 0 0
40 Western Sahara 0 0
41 Yemen 0 112
42 Zambia 0 3
43 Zimbabwe 0 0
44 Colombia 0 12200
45 United Arab Emirates 0 16055
46 Italy 0 62053
47 Jamaica 0 8060
48 Japan 0 8819
49 Kazakhstan 0 228
50 Kenya 0 4
51 Kiribati 0 0
52 North Korea 0 0
53 Kosovo 0 2950
54 Kuwait 0 63815
55 Kyrgyzstan 0 93
56 Laos 0 0
57 Latvia 0 0
58 Lebanon 0 539678
59 Lesotho 0 0
60 Liberia 0 3
61 Libya 0 143
62 Liechtenstein 0 0
63 Lithuania 0 35
64 Luxembourg 0 0
65 Macau 0 0
66 Madagascar 0 0
67 Malawi 0 0
68 Malaysia 0 11330
69 Maldives 0 3
70 Mali 0 0
71 Malta 0 311
72 Mauritania 0 0
73 Mauritius 0 0
74 Mexico 0 37798
75 Moldova 0 11038
76 Monaco 0 31
77 Mongolia 0 2
78 Montenegro 0 96
79 Morocco 0 347002
80 Mozambique 0 0
81 Myanmar 0 40
82 Namibia 0 0
83 Nauru 0 0
84 Nepal 0 0
85 Netherlands 0 282
86 New Zealand 0 12332
87 Nicaragua 0 0
88 Niger 0 0
89 Nigeria 0 10
90 Northern Cyprus 0 374
91 Thailand 0 1139
92 Tanzania 0 2
93 Togo 0 0
94 Tonga 0 0
95 Trinidad and Tobago 0 35
96 Tunisia 0 40340
97 Senegal 0 0
98 Serbia 0 201662
99 Seychelles 0 0
100 Sierra Leone 0 0