José de Alencar

Report
52391
10
Vote World Rank
7
Vote Brazil Rank
3

Country: Brazil

About José de Alencar
José Martiniano de Alencar (May 1, 1829 – December 12, 1877) was a Brazilian novelist. Born in Messejana, a small town near Fortaleza - Ceará, in northeast of Brazil. Alencar was the son of an important senator, José Martiniano de Alencar, and the cousin of the later, Ana Josefina de Alencar.After earning a bachelor's degree in Law he traveled to Rio de Janeiro, and started to work for the newspapers Correio Mercantil and Diário do Rio de Janeiro. At that time, Correio Mercantil employed other important Brazilian writers like Machado de Assis and Joaquim Manuel de Macedo. After being prevented from publishing certain articles in the Correio, Alencar and some of his friends bought the Diário do Rio de Janeiro, where the novelist published his first romances, Cinco Minutos (1856) and A viuvinha (1857). Following the partial success of the first writings, Alencar published O Guarany (1857), acquiring nationwide fame. O Guarani was the first of a trilogy about the Brazilian natives - the other two are Iracema (1865) and Ubirajara (1874). In those books the native is dressed as his European counterpart, the medieval knight. Since Brazil had no past (as the descendants of European immigrants thought), the solution was to create a national mythology that adapted European manners to tropical values. However this reading is conservative and has become rather outdated, as many recent studies have shown. Alencar's grand project was to affirm the independence of Brazil in all fields . A nationalist, Alencar was misunderstood by his contemporaries when he advocated the literary use of a truly national language, despite the common use of the Portuguese language in Brazil without changes. He also defended nationalism in many other ways and in many other fields. Two famous rivals of Alencar were Antônio Gonçalves Dias and Joaquim Nabuco. In 1860 Alencar entered politics as a delegate from Rio de Janeiro to Brazil's congress. In 1877 he was summoned to be a minister by Emperor Pedro II. But in the same year, Alencar was diagnosed with tuberculosis, and died in Rio de Janeiro after an unsuccessful attempt to cure himself in Europe. Pseudonyms: AC; Senio; G.M.; Erasmo; J. de Al; Job; Um Asno; Ig; Serio.

Best Supporters

How can you earn points?
1 Vote 1 Point [You must be logged in]
1 Referrer* 10 Points
*Call your friends to become a fan of José de Alencar with your referrer link and earn 10 points

p: 9075

p: 8359

p: 7952

p: 7730

p: 2

p: 1

p: 1

p: 1

p: 1

p: 1

José de Alencar Most Popular Quotes

Add Quote

Brazil Writers & Authors Ranking

Show All
Rank Name Total
1. JOANNA DE ÂNGELIS 63702
2. Diogo Mainardi 62154
3. José de Alencar 52391
4. Machado de Assis 26672
5. Monteiro Lobato 17209
6. Guimarães Rosa 17001
7. Euclides da Cunha 15000
8. Carlos Drummond 13001
9. Graciliano Ramos 12270
10. Clarice Lispector 10829

Writers & Authors Ranking

Show All
Rank Name Total
3. Nihal Atsız 63978
4. JOANNA DE ÂNGELIS 63702
5. Diogo Mainardi 62154
6. A.S. Pushkin 53654
7. José de Alencar 52391
8. Muhammad Ilyas Qadri 50948
9. Nazım Hikmet 44732
10. Adnan Oktar 39569
11. A.Hamza Shinwari 27512

José de Alencar Photos

Today Overall Show All

José de Alencar Videos

Today Overall Show All

Best Countries

Today Overall
# Name Today Total
1 Turkey 1465 7829293
2 Brazil 372 4662467
3 India 313 3665267
4 South Korea 297 1683813
5 Romania 168 484247
6 Russia 151 1311174
7 Portugal 141 266064
8 Saudi Arabia 76 767264
9 Iran 74 4148012
10 United States of America 57 1415763
11 United Kingdom 47 882806
12 Syria 47 1384974
13 Poland 42 400167
14 Macedonia 39 947146
15 Germany 37 68979
16 Serbia 29 206296
17 Israel 26 65165
18 Ukraine 24 226285
19 Jordan 16 516075
20 France 13 83405
21 Palestine 11 150620
22 Bulgaria 10 321730
23 Bosnia and Herzegovina 8 359381
24 Greece 8 415834
25 Lebanon 8 540373
26 Sri Lanka 4 8310
27 Pakistan 2 274390
28 Norway 2 14541
29 Iraq 1 849937
30 Ireland 0 2249
31 Oman 0 4
32 Panama 0 1
33 Papua New Guinea 0 0
34 Paraguay 0 13
35 Peru 0 1632
36 Philippines 0 617
37 Lesotho 0 0
38 Liberia 0 3
39 Libya 0 143
40 Liechtenstein 0 0
41 Lithuania 0 35
42 Luxembourg 0 0
43 Macau 0 0
44 Seychelles 0 0
45 Sierra Leone 0 0
46 Singapore 0 1
47 Slovakia 0 11880
48 Slovenia 0 57
49 Solomon Islands 0 0
50 Somalia 0 32
51 Somaliland 0 0
52 South Africa 0 267
53 Spain 0 83236
54 Rwanda 0 0
55 Saint Kitts and Nevis 0 0
56 Saint Lucia 0 0
57 Samoa 0 0
58 San Marino 0 0
59 Sao Tome and Principe 0 0
60 Kazakhstan 0 228
61 Kenya 0 4
62 Kiribati 0 0
63 North Korea 0 0
64 Kosovo 0 2950
65 Kuwait 0 63815
66 Kyrgyzstan 0 93
67 Laos 0 0
68 Latvia 0 0
69 Italy 0 62100
70 Jamaica 0 8060
71 Japan 0 8819
72 Ghana 0 3
73 Indonesia 0 43748
74 Madagascar 0 0
75 Malawi 0 0
76 Malaysia 0 11330
77 Maldives 0 3
78 Mali 0 0
79 Malta 0 311
80 Mauritania 0 0
81 Mauritius 0 0
82 Mexico 0 37800
83 Moldova 0 11059
84 Monaco 0 31
85 Mongolia 0 2
86 Montenegro 0 96
87 Morocco 0 347002
88 Mozambique 0 0
89 Myanmar 0 40
90 Namibia 0 0
91 Nauru 0 0
92 Nepal 0 0
93 Netherlands 0 282
94 New Zealand 0 12332
95 Nicaragua 0 0
96 Niger 0 0
97 Nigeria 0 10
98 Northern Cyprus 0 374
99 Greenland 0 0
100 Grenada 0 0