Karim Khan Zand

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Country: Iran

About Karim Khan Zand
Karim Khan Zand, (Persian: کریم خان زند), (c. 1705- 1779), was the ruler and de facto Shah of Iran from 1760 until 1779. Founder of the Zand dynasty and a member of the Lur peoples, he never styled himself as "shah" or king, and instead used the title Vakil e-Ra'aayaa (President). Karim Khan Zand was one of the generals of Nader Shah Afshar. After Nader Shah's death in 1747, Persia fell into a state of civil war. At that time, Karim Khan, Abdolfath Khan and Ali Mardan Khan reached an agreement to divide the country among themselves and give the throne to Ismail III. However, the cooperation ended after Ali Mardan Khan invaded Isfahan and killed Abdolfath Khan. Subsequently, Karim Khan killed Ali Mardan Khan and gained control over all of Iran except Khorasan, respecting Shah Rukh, grandson of Nader Shah. Nevertheless, he did not adopt the title of Shah for himself, preferring the title, Vakil e-Ra'aayaa (Advocate of the People (literal translation - workers of the fields i.e. peasants)). While Karim was ruler, Persia recovered from the devastation of 40 years of war, providing the war ravaged country with a renewed sense of tranquility, security, peace, and prosperity. During his reign,relations with Britain were restored, and he allowed the East India Company to have a trading post in southern Iran. He made Shiraz his capital and ordered the construction of several architectural projects there. Following Karim Khan's death, civil war broke out once more, and none of his descendants were able to rule the country as effectively as he had. The last of these descendants, Lotf Ali Khan, was killed by Agha Mohammad Khan, and the Qajar dynasty came to power. To this day, he has a reputation as one of the most just and able rulers in Iranian history. A wealth of tales and anecdotes portray Karim Khan as a compassionate ruler, genuinely concerned with the welfare of his subjects. In the words of John Malcolm, "The happy reign of this excellent prince, as contrasted with those who preceded and followed him, affords the historian of Persia that kind of mixed pleasure and repose, which a traveler enjoys on arriving in a beautiful and fertile valley during an arduous journey over barren and rugged wastes. It is pleasing to recount the actions of a chief who, though born of an inferior rank, obtained power without crime, and who exercised it with a moderation that, for the times in which he lived, was as singular as his humanity and justice." (John Malcolm, The History of Persia, 1829) He is buried at Pars Museum of Shiraz.

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Iran Leaders & Politicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
59. Ameli Tehrani 140
60. Babak Khorramdin 127
61. Kazem Shariatmadari 125
62. Mohsen Kadivar 107
63. Karim Khan Zand 96
64. M. T. Bahjat Foumani 95
65. Akbar Alami 77
66. Koorosh Modaresi 67
67. Nader Shah 49

Leaders & Politicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
498. Babur 104
499. Antonio Gramsci 101
500. Jânio Quadros 101
501. Dr. Manmohan Singh 98
502. Karim Khan Zand 96
503. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto 96
504. Amr Khaled 96
505. Walid Jumblat 95
506. M. T. Bahjat Foumani 95

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