Kutalmışoğlu

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About Kutalmışoğlu Suleyman I (Arabic: سليمان بن قتلمش‎, Sulayman bin Kutalmish) founded an independent Seljuk Turkish state in Anatolia and ruled as Seljuk Sultan of Rûm from 1077 until his death in 1086. Suleyman was the son of Kutalmish, who had struggled unsuccessfully against his cousin Alp Arslan for the throne of Great Seljuk Empire. When Kutalmish died in 1064, Suleyman fled with his three brothers into the Taurus Mountains and there sought refuge with Turkmen tribes living beyond the borders of the empire. Alp Arslan responded by launching a series of punitive expeditions against them. Of the four brothers, Suleyman alone survived the raids and was able to consolidate his leadership of the Turkmen. In 1078, the Byzantine emperor Michael VII sought the help of Suleyman against Nicephorus Botaneiates, the commander of the Anatolikon theme, who had challenged the emperor for the throne. Suleyman intercepted Botaneiates' small force between Cotyaeum and Nicaea, whereupon the usurper persuaded Suleyman to join his rebellion by offering him incentives superior to those of the emperor. Nicephorus' bid for power was successful, and in return for their support Suleyman's Turkmen were allowed to settle on the Asiatic side of the Bosphorus, near Constantinople itself. Two years later, Suleyman lent his support to another pretender, Nicephorus Melissenus. It was the latter Nicephorus who opened the gates of Nicaea to the Turkmen, allowing Suleyman to establish a permanent base. All Bithynia was soon under Suleyman's control, a circumstance which allowed him to restrict communication between Constantinople and the former Byzantine subjects in Asia Minor. In 1084, Suleyman left Nicaea, leaving his kinsman Abu'l Qasim in charge. Suleyman expanded his realm but was killed near Antioch in 1086 by Tutush I, the Seljuk ruler of Syria. Suleyman's son, Kilij Arslan I, was captured, and Malik Shah transferred him to Isfahan as a hostage. It is uncertain whether Tutush killed Süleyman out of loyalty to Malik Shah I or simply for personal gain. Upon the death of Malik Shah I, Kilij Arslan I re-established the Sultanate of Rûm.

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Turkey Leaders & Politicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
63. III. Selim 45
64. Bülent Arınç 44
65. Köroğlu 43
66. Seyit Ali Reis 42
67. Kutalmışoğlu 41
68. Süleyman Şah 40
69. I.Alaeddin Keykubad 39
70. I. G. Keyhüsrev 38
71. Seyh Nazim Kibrisi 38

Leaders & Politicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
592. Köroğlu 43
593. Abdul Rahman Baba 43
594. Sher Shah Suri 42
595. Seyit Ali Reis 42
596. Kutalmışoğlu 41
597. Süleyman Şah 40
598. Emir Talal Arslan 40
599. Dariush Forouhar 40
600. Masrour Barzani 40

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