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About Lamarck Jean-Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet, Chevalier de la Marck, usually known as Lamarck, (1 August 1744 – 18 December 1829) was a French soldier, naturalist, academic and an early proponent of the idea that evolution occurred and proceeded in accordance with natural laws. Lamarck fought in the Pomeranian War with Prussia, and was awarded a commission for bravery on the battlefield. At his post in Monaco, Lamarck became interested in natural history and resolved to study medicine. He retired from the army after being injured in 1766, and he returned to his medical studies.Lamarck developed a particular interest for botany, and later, after he published a three-volume work Flora française, he gained membership of the French Academy of Sciences in 1779. Lamarck became involved in the Jardin des Plantes and was appointed to the Chair of Botany in 1788. When the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle was founded in 1793, Lamarck was appointed as a professor of zoology. In 1801, he published Système des animaux sans vertèbres, a major work on the classifications of invertebrates. In an 1802 publication, he became one of the first to use the term biology in its modern sense. Lamarck continued his work as a premier authority on invertebrate zoology. In the modern era, Lamarck is remembered mainly for a theory of inheritance of acquired characters, called soft inheritance or Lamarckism. However, his idea of soft inheritance was, perhaps, a reflection of the folk wisdom of the time, accepted by many natural historians. Lamarck's contribution to evolutionary theory consisted of the first truly cohesive theory of evolution, in which an alchemical complexifying force drove organisms up a ladder of complexity, and a second environmental force adapted them to local environments through use and disuse of characteristics, differentiating them from other organisms.

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France Scientists & Academicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
4. Pierre Curie 157
5. Blaise Pascal 48
6. Jacques Monod 47
7. Denis Papin 46
8. Lamarck 45
9. Antoine Lavoisier 45
10. Henri Poincaré 45
11. Jacques-Yves 45
12. André-Marie Ampère 45

Scientists & Academicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
275. Leandro Konder 45
276. Antoine Lavoisier 45
277. Marcelo Gleiser 45
278. Maynard Keynes 45
279. Lamarck 45
280. Augusto Ruschi 45
281. Taher Elgamal 45
282. Ibrahim Abouleish 45
283. Meher Baba 45

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