M. Akbar Khan

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About M. Akbar Khan Mohammad Akbar Khan (1813–1845) was an Afghan Prince, a general and a tribal leader. He was active in the First Anglo-Afghan War, which lasted from 1839 to 1842. He is prominent for his leadership of the national party in Kabul from 1841 to 1842, and his pursuit of the retreating British army from Kabul to Gandamak near Jalalabad in 1842. He is also known for killing legendary Sikh leader Hari Singh Nalwa in the 1837 Battle of Jamrud whilst trying to get back the city of Peshawar for the Afghans from the invading Sikh army. Akbar was the son of Amir Dost Mohammad Khan of Afghanistan, and he led a revolt in Kabul against the British Indian mission of William McNaughten, Alexander Burnes and their garrison of 4,500 men. In November 1841, he besieged Major-General William Elphinstone's force in Kabul. Elphinstone accepted a safe-conduct for his force and about 12,000 associated workers to flee to India; they were ambushed and massacred. It was claimed in at least one set of British war memoirs that, during the retreat, Akbar Khan could be heard alternately commanding his men, in Persian language to desist from, and in Pashto language to continue, firing. Historians think it unlikely that Akbar Khan wished for the total annihilation of the British force. An astute man politically, he would have been aware that allowing the British to extricate themselves from Afghanistan would give him the time to consolidate his control of the diverse hill tribes; whereas a massacre of 14,000 people, of which only about a quarter were a fighting force, would not be tolerated back in London and would result in another, larger army sent to exact retribution. This was in fact what happened the following year. Many believe that Akbar Khan was poisoned by his father, Dost Mohammed, who feared his ambitions.

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Afghanistan Leaders & Politicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
5. Mohammad Najibullah 25460
6. Hamid Karzai 15321
7. Ahmad Wali Khan Kar 14889
8. Amanullah Khan 14007
9. M. Akbar Khan 13301
10. General Dostum 12960
11. Qorban Ali Kaboli 12136
12. Mohammad Mohaqiq 3870
13. Sarwar Ahmedzai 2953

Leaders & Politicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
84. Hassan Nasrallah 13750
85. Todor aleksandrov 13700
86. Michel Oun 13372
87. Ulysses Guimarães 13351
88. M. Akbar Khan 13301
89. Mahmood Khan 13213
90. General Dostum 12960
91. Hasan Sabbah 12449
92. Qorban Ali Kaboli 12136

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