Mahatma Gandhi

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About Mahatma Gandhi Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Gujarati: મોહનદાસ કરમચંદ ગાંધી, pronounced moːɦənˈdaːs kəɾəmˈtʂənd ˈɡaːndʱiː (Speaker Icon.svg listen); 2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was the pre-eminent political and spiritual leader of India during the Indian independence movement. He was the pioneer of satyagraha—resistance to tyranny through mass civil disobedience, firmly founded upon ahimsa or total nonviolence—which led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. Gandhi is commonly known around the world as Mahatma Gandhi (Sanskrit: महात्मा mahātmā or "Great Soul", an honorific first applied to him by Rabindranath Tagore), and in India also as Bapu (Gujarati: બાપુ, bāpu or "Father"). He is officially honoured in India as the Father of the Nation; his birthday, 2 October, is commemorated there as Gandhi Jayanti, a national holiday, and worldwide as the International Day of Non-Violence.Gandhi first employed non-violent civil disobedience while an expatriate lawyer in South Africa, during the resident Indian community's struggle for civil rights. After his return to India in 1915, he organized protests by peasants, farmers, and urban labourers concerning excessive land-tax and discrimination. After assuming leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1921, Gandhi led nationwide campaigns to ease poverty, expand women's rights, build religious and ethnic amity, end untouchability, and increase economic self-reliance. Above all, he aimed to achieve Swaraj or the independence of India from foreign domination. Gandhi famously led his followers in the Non-cooperation movement that protested the British-imposed salt tax with the 400 km (240 mi) Dandi Salt March in 1930. Later he campaigned against the British to Quit India. Gandhi spent a number of years in jail in both South Africa and India. As a practitioner of ahimsa, he swore to speak the truth and advocated that others do the same. Gandhi lived modestly in a self-sufficient residential community and wore the traditional Indian dhoti and shawl, woven with yarn he had hand spun on a charkha. He ate simple vegetarian food, and also undertook long fasts as a means of both self-purification and social protest.

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You must be the change you wish to see in the world. - Mahatma Gandhi - Mahatma Gandhi
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You must not lose faith in humanity. Humanity is an ocean; if a few drops of the ocean are dirty, the ocean does not become dirty. - Mahatma Gandhi
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You must be the change you wish to see in the world. Mahatma Gandhi - Mahatma Gandhi
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India Leaders & Politicians Ranking

Rank Person Name Total
2. M.G. Ramachandran 79180
3. N. T. Rama Rao 64603
3. Narendra Modi 59955
5. Abubacker Ahmad 38034
6. Mahatma Gandhi 16840
6. Balasaheb Thackeray 54182
7. S. Ramadoss 23241
7. Muthuramalingam 18107
7. Chatrapati Shivaji 30789
8. Uddhav Thackeray 33277
9. Kamarajar 23877
9. Rajasekhara Reddy 22740

Leaders & Politicians Ranking

Rank Person Name Total
23. Dom Pedro II 42602
23. A. R. Ghassemlou 72492
24. Divaldo Pereira Fra 63726
24. N. T. Rama Rao 64603
25. M.G. Ramachandran 79180
27. Mahatma Gandhi 16840
28. Lula da Silva 67148
29. Fernando Henrique C 45232
29. Ruhollah M. Khomeini 66395
30. Muthuramalingam 18107
31. Abdul Hamid Khan 63625
31. Josip Broz Tito 11376