Manoel de Oliveira

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Country: Portugal

About Manoel de Oliveira
Manoel Cândido Pinto de Oliveira, GCSE (born December 11, 1908) is a Portuguese film director born in Cedofeita, Porto. He is currently the oldest active film director in the world.Manoel de Oliveira was born in Porto, Portugal on December 11, 1908, to Francisco José de Oliveira and Cândida Ferreira Pinto. His family were wealthy industrialists. Oliveira attended school in Galicia, Spain and his goal as a teenager was to become an actor. He enrolled in Italian film-maker Rino Lupo's acting school at age 20, but later changed his mind when he saw Walther Ruttmann's documentary Berlin: Symphony of a City. This prompted him to direct his first film, also a documentary, titled Douro, Faina Fluvial (1931). He also has the distinction of having acted in the second Portuguese sound film, A Canção de Lisboa (1933). Directing career His first feature film came much later, in 1942. Aniki-Bóbó, a portrait of Oporto's street children, was a commercial failure when it opened, and its merit only came to be recognised over time. This drawback forced Oliveira to abandon other film projects he was involved in, and to dedicate himself to running his family vineyard. He re-emerged onto the film scene in 1956 with The Artist and the City, a work that marked a turning point in Oliveira's conception of the cinema. In 1963, O Acto de Primavera (The Rite of Spring), a documentary depicting an annual passion play, marked a turning point for his career. This was shortly followed by A caça (The Hunt), a grim feature film that contrasted with the happy tones of his previous documentary. Despite the widespread acclaim garnered by both films, he would not return to the director's seat until the 1970s. Since 1990 (when he turned 82), he has made at least one film each year. His most recent film, Christopher Columbus - the Enigma, was shot partly in New York and completed in 2007; it is currently touring the United States. Oliveira has said that he direct movies for the sheer pleasure of doing it, regardless of critical reaction. He maintains a quiet life away from the spotlights, despite multiple honours such as those of the Cannes, Venice and Montréal film festivals. He has been awarded two Career Golden Lions in 1985 and 2004 and a golden palm for his lifetime achievements in 2008. Personal life Oliveira married Maria Isabel Brandão de Meneses de Almeida Carvalhais in Porto on December 4, 1940. They have two children: Manuel Casimiro Brandão Carvalhais de Oliveira (born 1941) and Adelaide Maria Brandão Carvalhais de Oliveira (born 1948). He has several grandchildren via his daughter Adelaide. Manoel de Oliveira is not only a film director. He also competed as a race car driver in the early days. In 1937 Grand Prix season he had competed and won the International Estoril Circuit race, with a Ford V8 Special.

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Portugal Directors Ranking

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Rank Name Total
1. Manoel de Oliveira 1054

Directors Ranking

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Rank Name Total
70. Shoaib Mansoor 1137
71. Karan Johar 1102
72. Fritz Lang 1081
73. Tahmine Milani 1059
74. Manoel de Oliveira 1054
75. Ebrahim Hatamikia 1028
76. Emir Kusturica 1021
77. Daniel Filho 1000
78. Fadil Hadžić 948

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