Miguel Nicolelis

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12000
3
Vote World Rank
29
Vote Brazil Rank
7

Country: Brazil

About Miguel Nicolelis
Miguel Angelo Laporta Nicolelis, MD, PhD, (São Paulo, March 7, 1961) is a Brazilian physician and scientist, best known for his pioneering work in "reading monkey thought".He and his colleagues implanted electrode arrays into a monkey's brain that were able to detect the monkey's motor intent and thus able to control reaching and grasping movements performed by a robotic arm. This was possible by decoding signals of hundreds of neurons recorded in volitional areas of the cerebral cortex while the monkey played with a hand-held joystick to move a shape in a video game. These signals were sent to the robot arm, which then mimicked the monkey's movements and thus controlled the game. After a while the monkey realised that thinking about moving the shape was enough and it no longer needed to move the joystick. So it let go of the joystick and controlled the game purely through thought. A system in which brain signals directly control an artificial actuator is commonly referred to as brain-machine interface or brain-computer interface. On January 15, 2008, Dr. Nicolelis's lab saw a monkey implanted with a new BCI successfully control a robot walking on a treadmill in Kyoto, Japan. The monkey could see the robot, named CB, on a screen in front of him, and was rewarded for walking in sync with the robot (which was under the control of the monkey). After an hour the monkey's treadmill was turned off, but he was able to continue to direct the robot to walk normally for another few minutes, indicating that a part of the brain not sufficient to induce a motor response in the monkey had become dedicated to controlling the robot, as if it were an extension of itself.

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Brazil Scientists & Academicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
3. Oswaldo Cruz 35981
4. Carlos Chagas 16002
5. Adolfo Lutz 16000
6. Vital Brasil 16000
7. Miguel Nicolelis 12000
8. Emídio Brasileiro 10542
9. Drauzio Varella 10000
10. Adib Jatene 6670
11. Oscar Niemeyer 6436

Scientists & Academicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
25. Alfred Nobel 13529
26. Oktay Sinanoğlu 13161
27. M. Visvesvarayya 12530
28. Ferdowsi 12438
29. Miguel Nicolelis 12000
30. Marin Drinov 10571
31. Emídio Brasileiro 10542
32. Jayant Narlikar 10035
33. Plato 10008

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# Name Today Total
1 Turkey 709 7869432
2 South Korea 233 1691755
3 Brazil 215 4670466
4 Portugal 102 269418
5 India 93 3670494
6 Romania 88 491762
7 Russia 88 1314529
8 Poland 56 401412
9 Iran 52 4150413
10 Syria 25 1385870
11 United Kingdom 25 883867
12 United States of America 24 1417044
13 Macedonia 21 947996
14 Serbia 17 207335
15 Saudi Arabia 13 767860
16 Israel 13 65638
17 Ukraine 12 226894
18 Palestine 8 150890
19 Germany 6 69663
20 Bosnia and Herzegovina 5 359528
21 Jordan 5 516454
22 Sri Lanka 2 8410
23 Lebanon 1 540503
24 Pakistan 1 274452
25 Greece 1 415928
26 Bulgaria 1 321983
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29 Cambodia 0 127
30 Cameroon 0 5
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