Nasir Al Din Tusi

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Country: Iran

About Nasir Al Din Tusi
Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad ibn al-Ḥasan al-Ṭūsī (Persian: محمد بن محمد بن الحسن الطوسی) (born February 1201 in Ṭūs, Khorasan – 26 June 1274 in al-Kāżimiyyah, Baghdad), better known as Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī (Persian: نصیر الدین طوسی; or simply Tusi in the West), was a Persian polymath and prolific writer: an astronomer, biologist, chemist, mathematician, philosopher, physician, physicist, scientist, theologian and Marja Taqleed. He was of the of the Ismaili-, and subsequently Twelver Shī‘ah Islamic belief.Nasir al-Din Tusi was born in Tus east of Iran in the year 1201 and began his studies at an early age. In Tus he studied the Qur'an, Hadith, Shi'a jurisprudence, logic, philosophy, mathematics, medicine and astronomy. He was apparently born into an Ismaili Shī‘ah family and lost his father at a young age. Fulfilling the wish of his father, the young Muhammad took learning and scholarship very seriously and travelled far and wide to attend the lectures of renowned scholars and acquire the knowledge which guides people to the happiness of the next world. At a young age he moved to Nishapur to study philosophy under Farid al-Din Damad and mathematics under Muhammad Hasib. He met also Farid al-Din al-'Attar, the legendary Sufi master who was later killed in the hand of Mongol invaders and attended the lectures of Qutb al-Din al-Misri. In Mawsil he studied mathematics and astronomy with Kamal al-Din Yunus (d. 639/1242). Later on he corresponded with al-Qunawi, the son-in-law of Ibn al-‘Arabi, and it seems that mysticism, as propagated by Sufi masters of his time, was not appealing to his mind and once the occasion was suitable, he composed his own manual of philosophical Sufism in the form of a small booklet entitled Awsaf al-Ashraf The Attributes of the Illustrious". As the armies of Genghis Khan swept his homeland, he fled to join the Ismailis and made his most important contributions in science during this time when he was moving from one stronghold to another. He finally joined Hulagu Khan's ranks, after the invasion of the Alamut castle by the Mongol forces.

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Iran Scientists & Academicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
4. Jalal ad-Din Rumi 5594
5. Avicenna Ibn-i Sina 3828
6. Abdolkarim Soroush 3581
7. Tabrizi 3013
8. Nasir Al Din Tusi 2134
9. Mahmoud Hessaby 1222
10. Alireza Asgharzadeh 1114
11. Nasser Pourpirar 971
12. Hafez 836

Scientists & Academicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
61. Jamal-al-Din Afghan 2409
62. Herculano Pires 2234
63. Edward Said 2154
64. Ahmet Taner Kışlalı 2139
65. Nasir Al Din Tusi 2134
66. Aristotle 2112
67. René Favaloro 2044
68. Landell deMoura 2022
69. Kamel Al-Sabbah 1966

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