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Country: Serbia

About Nikola Tesla
Nikola Tesla (10 July 1856 – 7 January 1943) was an inventor and a mechanical and electrical engineer. He is frequently cited as one of the most important contributors to the birth of commercial electricity, a man who "shed light over the face of Earth," and is best known for his many revolutionary developments in the field of electricity and magnetism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Tesla's patents and theoretical work formed the basis of modern alternating current (AC) electric power systems, including the polyphase power distribution systems and the AC motor, with which he helped usher in the Second Industrial Revolution.Born an ethnic Serb in the village of Smiljan, Vojna Krajina, in the territory of today's Croatia, he was a subject of the Austrian Empire by birth and later became an American citizen. After his demonstration of wireless communication (radio) in 1894 and after being the victor in the "War of Currents", he was widely respected as one of the greatest electrical engineers who worked in America. Much of his early work pioneered modern electrical engineering and many of his discoveries were of groundbreaking importance. During this period, in the United States, Tesla's fame rivaled that of any other inventor or scientist in history or popular culture, but due to his eccentric personality and his seemingly unbelievable and sometimes bizarre claims about possible scientific and technological developments, Tesla was ultimately ostracized and regarded as a mad scientist. Never having put much focus on his finances, Tesla died impoverished at the age of 86. The SI unit measuring magnetic flux density or magnetic induction (commonly known as the magnetic field "B"), the tesla, was named in his honor (at the Conférence Générale des Poids et Mesures, Paris, 1960), as well as the Tesla effect of wireless energy transfer to wirelessly power electronic devices which Tesla demonstrated on a low scale (lightbulbs) as early as 1893 and aspired to use for the intercontinental transmission of industrial energy levels in his unfinished Wardenclyffe Tower project. Aside from his work on electromagnetism and electromechanical engineering, Tesla contributed in varying degrees to the establishment of robotics, remote control, radar and computer science, and to the expansion of ballistics, nuclear physics, and theoretical physics. In 1943, the Supreme Court of the United States credited him as being the inventor of the radio. Many of his achievements have been used, with some controversy, to support various pseudosciences, UFO theories, and early New Age occultism.

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Serbia Scientists & Academicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
1. Nikola Tesla 21494
2. M. Idvorski Pupin 129
3. Mileva Marić 51
4. Bojan Peric 0
5. Milutin Milankovic 0

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Rank Name Total
11. Oswaldo Cruz 35981
12. Mimar Sinan 35016
13. Türkan Saylan 28290
14. Nicolae Paulescu 27102
15. Nikola Tesla 21494
16. Marie Curie 19036
17. Omar Khayyam 18722
18. A. Ahad Mohmand 18707
19. Harun Parlar 18503

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1 Turkey 326545 8266500
2 Brazil 101636 4786353
3 South Korea 76728 1780788
4 India 73872 3754144
5 Romania 53882 559060
6 Portugal 41824 316853
7 Russia 31738 1350089
8 Iran 25169 4179521
9 United Kingdom 12411 898012
10 Syria 11844 1399337
11 Serbia 11329 220433
12 United States of America 11308 1430373
13 Macedonia 11195 960881
14 Germany 11113 82792
15 Ukraine 7008 234681
16 Israel 4408 70873
17 Lebanon 4247 545019
18 Jordan 3824 520899
19 Poland 3799 407096
20 France 2814 86637
21 Saudi Arabia 2734 771470
22 Palestine 2243 153584
23 Bulgaria 2241 324929
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