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About Omar Khayyam Omar Khayyam (Persian: عمر خیام), (born 1048 AD, Neyshapur, Iran—1123 AD, Neyshapur, Iran), was a Persian polymath, mathematician, philosopher, astronomer and poet. He also wrote treatises on mechanics, geography, music and was a physicist. He has also become established as one of the major mathematicians and astronomers of the medieval period. Recognized as the author of the most important treatise on algebra before modern times as reflected in his Treatise on Demonstration of Problems of Algebra giving a geometric method for solving cubic equations by intersecting a hyperbola with a circle. He also contributed to calendar reform and may have proposed a heliocentric theory well before Copernicus. His significance as a philosopher and teacher, and his few remaining philosophical works, have not received the same attention as his scientific and poetic writings. Zamakhshari referred to him as “the philosopher of the world”. Many sources have also testified that he taught for decades the philosophy of Ibn Sina in Nishapur where Khayyam lived most of his life, breathed his last, and was buried and where his mausoleum remains today a masterpiece of Iranian architecture visited by many people every year. Outside Iran and Persian speaking countries, Khayyam has had impact on literature and societies through translation and works of scholars. The greatest such impact was in English-speaking countries; the English scholar Thomas Hyde (1636–1703) was the first non-Persian to study him. However the most influential of all was Edward FitzGerald (1809–83) who made Khayyam the most famous poet of the East in the West through his celebrated translation and adaptations of Khayyam's rather small number of quatrains (rubaiyaas) in Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam.

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Iran Scientists & Academicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
1. Omar Khayyam 18722
2. Mohsen Sazegara 18086
3. Ferdowsi 12438
4. Jalal ad-Din Rumi 5594
5. Avicenna Ibn-i Sina 3829
6. Abdolkarim Soroush 3581
7. Tabrizi 3013
8. Nasir Al Din Tusi 2134
9. Mahmoud Hessaby 1222
10. Alireza Asgharzadeh 1114

Scientists & Academicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
14. Nicolae Paulescu 27105
15. Nikola Tesla 21494
16. Harun Parlar 19979
17. Marie Curie 19036
18. Omar Khayyam 18722
19. A. Ahad Mohmand 18707
20. Mohsen Sazegara 18086
21. Nikolai Amosov 17522
22. Carlos Chagas 16002

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