Sanai Ghaznavi

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About Sanai Ghaznavi Hakim Abul-Majd Majdūd ibn Ādam Sanā'ī Ghaznavi (Persian: حکیم ابوالمجد مجدود ‌بن آدم سنایی غزنوی) was a Persian Sufi poet who lived in Ghazna, in what is now Afghanistan between the 11th century and the 12th century. He died around 1131.Life He was connected with the court of the Ghaznavid Bahram-shah who ruled 1118-1152. It is said that once when accompanying Bahramshah on a military expedition to India, Sanai met the Sufi teacher Lai-khur. Sanai quit Bahramshah's service as a court poet even though he was promised wealth and the king's daughter in marriage if he remained. Works Sanai's best known work is The Walled Garden of Truth or the The Hadiqat-ul Haqiqah (حدیقه الحقیقه و شریعه الطریقه). Dedicated to Bahram Shah, the work expresses the poet's ideas on God, love, philosophy and reason. The work contains 10,000 couplets in 10 section. For close to 900 years, in the East at any rate, The Walled Garden of Truth has been consistently read and employed as a classic and Sufi textbook. According to Major T. Stephenson: Sanai’s fame has always rested on his Hadiqa; it is the best known and in the East by far the most esteemed of his works; it is in virtue of this work that he forms one of the great trio of Sufi teachers — Sanai, Attar, Jalaludin Rumi.. Sanai taught that lust and greed, emotional excitement, stood between humankind and divine knowledge, which was the only true reality (Haqq). Love('Ishq') and a social conscience are for him the foundation of religion; mankind is asleep, living in what is in fact a desolate world. Sanai's view on common religion was that it was only habit and ritual. Sanai's poetry had a tremendous influence upon Persian literature. He is considered the first poet to use verse forms as the qasidah (ode), the ghazal (lyric), and the masnavi (rhymed couplet) to express the philosophical, mystical, and ethical ideas of Sufism. His book of poetry (divan) contains some 30,000 verses.

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Afghanistan Scientists & Academicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
186. Carl Rogers 116
187. Burle Marx 116
188. Musa al-Khwarizmi 111
189. Nikolay Pirogov 109
190. Sanai Ghaznavi 104
191. Sigmund Freud 104
192. Ivan Pulyui 102
193. Oleg Antonov 99
194. Hassan Roshdieh 98

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