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88
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3
About Socrates Socrates (pronounced /ˈsɒkrətiːz/; Greek: Σωκράτης, Sōkrátēs; c. 469 BC–399 BC) was a Classical Greek philosopher. Credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy, he is an enigmatic figure known only through the classical accounts of his students. Plato's dialogues are the most comprehensive accounts of Socrates to survive from antiquity.Through his portrayal in Plato's dialogues, Socrates has become renowned for his contribution to the field of ethics, and it is this Platonic Socrates who also lends his name to the concepts of Socratic irony and the Socratic method, or elenchus. The latter remains a commonly used tool in a wide range of discussions, and is a type of pedagogy in which a series of questions are asked not only to draw individual answers, but to encourage fundamental insight into the issue at hand. It is Plato's Socrates that also made important and lasting contributions to the fields of epistemology and logic, and the influence of his ideas and approach remains strong in providing a foundation for much western philosophy that followed. As one recent commentator has put it, Plato, the idealist, offers "an idol, a master figure, for philosophy. A Saint, a prophet of the 'Sun-God', a teacher condemned for his teachings as a heretic." Yet, the 'real' Socrates, like many of the other Ancient philosophers, remains at best enigmatic and at worst unknown.

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Greece Scientists & Academicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
1. Plato 10008
2. Aristotle 2112
3. Socrates 1107
4. Hippocrates 156
5. Manolis Andronikos 154
6. K. Karatheodoris 152
7. Pythagoras 152
8. Asclepius 151
9. Hypatia 150
10. Archimedes 150

Scientists & Academicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
84. Rami Hamdalla 1142
85. Hanan Ashrawi 1137
86. Serkan Anılır 1137
87. Alireza Asgharzadeh 1114
88. Socrates 1107
89. marieme chadid 1028
90. Nasser Pourpirar 971
91. A. Abdussamad 954
92. Taskin Tuna 918

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