3905
9
Vote World Rank
169
Vote Greece Rank
3

Country: Greece

About Themistocles
Themistocles (Greek: Θεμιστοκλῆς; "Glory of the Law"); c. 524–459 BC, was an Athenian politician and general. He was one of a new breed of politicians who rose to prominence in the early years of the Athenian democracy, along with his great rival Aristides. As a politician, Themistocles was a populist, having the support of lower class Athenians, and generally being at odds with the Athenian nobility. Elected archon in 493 BC, he took steps to increase the naval power of Athens, which would be a recurring theme in his political career. During the first Persian invasion of Greece, he fought at the Battle of Marathon, and was possibly one of the 10 Athenian strategoi (generals) in that battle. In the years after Marathon, and in the run up to the second Persian invasion he became the most prominent politician in Athens. He continued to advocate a strong Athenian navy, and in 483 BC he persuaded the Athenians to build a fleet of 300 triremes; these would prove crucial in the forthcoming conflict with Persia. During the second invasion, he was in effective command of the Greek allied navy at the battles of Artemisium and Salamis. Thanks to subterfuge on the part of Themistocles, the Allies possessed all the advantages at Salamis, and the decisive Greek victory there was the turning point in the invasion, which was ended the following year by the defeat of the Persians at the Battle of Plataea. After the conflict ended, Themistocles continued to be pre-eminent amongst Athenian politicians. However, he aroused the hostility of Sparta by ordering Athens to be re-fortified, and his perceived arrogance began to alienate him from the Athenians. In 472 or 471 BC, he was ostracised, and went into exile in Argos. The Spartans now saw an opportunity to destroy Themistocles, and implicated him in the treasonous plot of their own general Pausanias. Themistocles thus fled from Greece, and travelled to Asia Minor, where he entered the service of the Persian king Artaxerxes I. He was made governor of Magnesia, and lived there for the rest of his life. Themistocles died in 459 BC, probably of natural causes. Themistocles's reputation was posthumously rehabilitated, and he was re-established as a hero of the Athenian (and indeed Greek) cause. Themistocles can still reasonably be thought of as "the man most instrumental in achieving the salvation of Greece" from the Persian threat, as Plutarch describes him. His naval policies would have a lasting impact on Athens as well, since maritime power became the cornerstone of the Athenian Empire and golden age. It was Thucydides's judgement that Themistocles was "a man who exhibited the most indubitable signs of genius; indeed, in this particular he has a claim on our admiration quite extraordinary and unparalleled".

Best Supporters

How can you earn points?
1 Vote 1 Point [You must be logged in]
1 Referrer* 10 Points
*Call your friends to become a fan of Themistocles with your referrer link and earn 10 points

p: 9

p: 7

p: 7

p: 6

p: 5

p: 4

p: 3

p: 3

p: 1

Themistocles Most Popular Quotes

Add Quote

Greece Leaders & Politicians Ranking

Show All
Rank Name Total
1. Alexander the Great 15553
2. Philip II of Macedon 4406
3. Themistocles 3905
4. Leonidas I 3405
5. I. Kapodistrias 3311
6. Pericles 3212
7. T. Kolokotrotronis 3104
8. Solon 2806
9. Andreas Papandreou 2722
10. Pavlos Voskopoulos 2116

Leaders & Politicians Ranking

Show All
Rank Name Total
165. Brigadeiro Sampaio 4271
166. George W. Bush 4086
167. Engin Alan 4020
168. Marquês de Pombal 3937
169. Themistocles 3905
170. Mohammad Mohaqiq 3870
171. Sheikh Hasina 3869
172. Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu 3856
173. Duarte III 3836

Themistocles Photos

Today Overall Show All

Themistocles Videos

Today Overall Show All

Best Countries

Today Overall
# Name Today Total
1 Turkey 17513 7957468
2 Romania 5361 510539
3 India 3689 3683961
4 Brazil 3465 4688182
5 South Korea 3053 1707113
6 Portugal 1483 276512
7 Iran 955 4155307
8 Russia 868 1319219
9 Germany 705 72384
10 United States of America 529 1419594
11 Syria 455 1387948
12 United Kingdom 450 886051
13 Serbia 420 209524
14 Macedonia 419 950105
15 Poland 319 403616
16 Ukraine 258 227931
17 Saudi Arabia 248 768984
18 Israel 211 66676
19 Bulgaria 202 322890
20 Jordan 194 517269
21 France 127 83950
22 Palestine 113 151454
23 Lebanon 90 540862
24 Bosnia and Herzegovina 55 359780
25 Greece 48 416114
26 Pakistan 40 274653
27 Sri Lanka 37 8594
28 Norway 16 14655
29 Iraq 15 850045
30 Afghanistan 1 5591482
31 Albania 0 2207
32 Algeria 0 94755
33 Andorra 0 0
34 Angola 0 0
35 Antigua and Barbuda 0 0
36 Argentina 0 59184
37 Armenia 0 1095
38 Australia 0 714
39 Austria 0 377
40 Azerbaijan 0 14798
41 Bahamas 0 0
42 Bahrain 0 16643
43 Bangladesh 0 3923
44 Barbados 0 0
45 Belarus 0 2612
46 Belgium 0 8603
47 Belize 0 0
48 Benin 0 0
49 Bermuda 0 0
50 Bhutan 0 0
51 Bolivia 0 5434
52 Greenland 0 0
53 Grenada 0 0
54 Guatemala 0 0
55 Guinea 0 4
56 Guinea-Bissau 0 0
57 Guyana 0 0
58 Haiti 0 0
59 Honduras 0 0
60 Hong Kong 0 201
61 Hungary 0 2675
62 Iceland 0 230
63 Botswana 0 0
64 Brunei Darussalem 0 0
65 Gabon 0 0
66 The Gambia 0 0
67 Georgia 0 91
68 Burkina Faso 0 0
69 Burundi 0 0
70 Cambodia 0 127
71 Cameroon 0 5
72 Canada 0 23166
73 Cape Verde 0 65
74 Cayman Islands 0 0
75 Central African Republic 0 0
76 Chad 0 0
77 Chile 0 10649
78 People's Republic of China 0 1001
79 Republic of China-Taiwan 0 33
80 Comoros 0 1
81 Democratic Republic of the Congo 0 0
82 Republic of the Congo 0 9
83 Cook Islands 0 0
84 Costa Rica 0 0
85 Cote d'Ivoire 0 20
86 Croatia 0 32005
87 Cuba 0 29
88 Cyprus 0 1903
89 Czech Republic 0 19817
90 Denmark 0 352
91 Djibouti 0 0
92 Dominica 0 0
93 Dominican Republic 0 0
94 Ecuador 0 4
95 Egypt 0 958935
96 El Salvador 0 0
97 Equatorial Guinea 0 0
98 Eritrea 0 0
99 Estonia 0 0
100 Ethiopia 0 13228