Yusuf Al-Azma

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Country: Syria

About Yusuf Al-Azma
Yusuf Al-Azmah (other spellings: Yousef Al-Azama, Yusuf Al-Azmeh, Yousef Al-Azmeh) (1883 – July 24, 1920) was the Syrian Minister of War and Chief of Staff under Prince (then King) Faisal (later to become Faisal I of Iraq) from 1918 to 1920. Al-Azmah graduated from the Ottoman Military Academy in Istanbul in 1906. He served as a General in the Ottoman army, and led the Ottoman army in the Caucasus, before joining the Arab revolt against the Ottomans which gave Syria its independence in 1918. The League of Nations having given the French Mandate of Syria as planned in the secret Sykes-Picot Agreement between the United Kingdom and France, the French General Gouraud issued an ultimatum to the Syrian government in 1920. The government of Damascus submitted reluctantly to the French ultimatum and disbanded its troops. In spite of King Faisal's acceptance of France's ultimatium, Yusuf al-Azmah refused to give in. He raised a small body of disbanded troops and civilians, poorly armed relative to the modern, well-equipped professional French Army. Although he had no illusions about the outcome of the battle, Al-Azmah wanted to make it clear that Syria would not surrender without fighting, in order to deny the French occupation any legitimacy. Certain of his own death, Al-Azmah left Damascus with his troops and headed for Khan Maysalun, some 12 miles to the west of Damascus where he led a desperate and very unequal battle against the French army of General Gouraud on July 24, 1920. Al-Azmah was killed in the fighting, and the French forces entered Damascus on July 25, 1920. For Syrians, Yusuf Al-Azmah is a national hero and an inspiration. His statue stands in a major square in central Damascus, with streets and schools named in his honor in cities all over Syria.

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Syria Leaders & Politicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
1. Aga Khan 679171
2. Bashar al-Assad 10630
3. Adib Shishakli 2394
4. Sultan al-Atrash 580
5. Lady Asma 418
6. Yusuf Al-Azma 155
7. Hafez al-Assad 138
8. Hashim Al-Atassi 4
9. Nazim Al Kudsi 4
10. saladin (Salahuddin 0

Leaders & Politicians Ranking

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Rank Name Total
454. Najmadin Krekar 159
455. Fethullah Gülen 157
456. Daryoush Homayoun 156
457. Heydar Aliyev 156
458. Yusuf Al-Azma 155
459. Getúlio Vargas 154
460. Süleyman Demirel 153
461. Osman Gazi 153
462. Amir Kabir 144

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