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About Ziya Gökalp Ziya Gökalp (born Mehmed Ziya; March 23, 1876, Diyarbakır—October 25, 1924, Constantinople) was a Turkish sociologist, writer, poet, and political activist. In 1908, after the Young Turk revolution, he adopted the pen name Gökalp ("sky hero"), which he retained for the rest of his life. As a sociologist, Ziya Gökalp was influential in the overhaul of religious perceptions and evolving of Turkish nationalism. Gökalp's work was particularly influential in shaping the reforms of Kemal Atatürk; his influence figured prominently in the development of Kemalism, and its legacy in the modern Republic of Turkey. Influenced by contemporary European thought, Gökalp rejected Ottomanism and Islamism in favor of Turkish nationalism. He advocated a Turkification of the Ottoman Empire, by imposing the Turkish language and culture onto all the citizenry. His thought, which popularized Pan-Turkism and Turanism, has been described as a "cult of nationalism and modernization". His nationalist ideals espoused a de-identification with Ottoman Turkey's Muslim neighbors, in lieu of a supernational Turkish (or pan-Turkic) identity with "a territorial Northeast-orientation Turkish speaking peoples".

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Turkey Writers & Authors Ranking

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Rank Name Total
2. Nazım Hikmet 44733
3. Adnan Oktar 39569
4. Mehmet Akif Ersoy 23679
5. Mustafa Balbay 22099
6. Ziya Gökalp 18584
7. M. Celaleddin Rumi 18408
8. Hrant Dink 17715
9. Ömer Seyfettin 13890
10. Ehmedi Xani 13479

Writers & Authors Ranking

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Rank Name Total
16. Mustafa Balbay 22099
17. Ahmad Shamlou 20738
18. Suleiman Mousa 20364
19. Veer Savarkar 18753
20. Ziya Gökalp 18584
21. M. Celaleddin Rumi 18408
22. Monteiro Lobato 17733
23. Hrant Dink 17715
24. Aeschylus 17226

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